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Flashcards in Mass And Secular Monophony Deck (142)
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define recitationes

the recitation of a biblical text ie, a gregorian chant


what are the three types of declamation?

melismatic( 1-4 to 6), neumatic(1-2 or 3), and syllabic (1-1).


define missa. what aspects does it consist of? (3)

the main service of the Roman Church. commemoration of the last supper. consists of prayers, biblical readings, and psalm singing.


where was the missa celebrated? how often? (3)

monasteries (daily), convents (daily), major churches (daily).


define ordinarium missae, and list its parts. (8)

the parts of the mass that are always present. this includes the kyrie, gloria, credo, sanctus-benedictus, canon, pater noster, agnus dei, and ite missa est.


define proprium missae and list its parts. (10)

the parts of the mass that vary depending on the time of year. this includes the introit, collect, epistle, gradual, alleluia or tract or sequences, gospel, prayers and psalm 25, offertory, preface, communion, and the post communion.


list, in order, the 18 parts of the mass.

introit, kyrie, gloria, collect, epistle, gradual, alleluia or tract, or sequence, gospel, credo, prayers and psalm 25 and offertory, preface, sanctus benedictus, canon, pater noster, agnus dei, communion, post communion, ite missa est.


what parts of the mass were sung? (11)

introit, kyrie, gloria, gradual, alleluia, tract, sequences, credo, offertory, sanctus-benedictus,agnus dei, communion, and ite missa est.


which parts of the mass were spoken or recited?

collect, epistle, gospel, prayers and psalm 25, preface, canon, pater noster, and post-communion.


Define introit

Neumatic or group style, consists of an introductory antiphon (brief and freely composed, syllabic), a psalm verses (standard formula), an optional repeat of the antiphon, the lesser doxology or Gloria patri (omitted in lent) repeat of the antiphon.


Define kyrie

Neumatic, rarely melismatic, various musical schemes.
In example:
Kyrie a a a 3x
Christe b b b 3x
Kyrie a a a 3x


Define Gloria

Also known as the greater doxology. Omitted during lent, advent, other penitential days. No systematic repetition pattern. Opening phrase sung by priest or cantor, then choir joins.


Define collect

Prayer offered by priest. Recited to a recitation tone (to pick orationum). There are usually three collects per mass.


Define epistle

Usually from the epistles (letters) of the New Testament. Read or recited on a recitation pitch called tonus epistola.


Define gradual

Melismatic, responsorial chant. Sung on all Sunday's except the first Sunday after Easter uses melodic formula.
Format: introductory respond, psalm verse, optional respond.


Define alleluia

Melismatic responsorial chant. Sung on all Sunday's except during lent. During lent replaced by the tract. Format: refrain on a single word (alleluia), verse, then repetition of refrain.


Define the tract

Melismatic, direct psalmody without addition of antiphon or response. Sung by soloist. During lent. Also on certain occasions. Characteristic repetition of phrases. Centonization either in 2nd or 8th.


Define sequences in respect to the mass.

Optional, originally long Melismas sung without text after the alleluia. Later Melismas underlaid with text (prosa). it was used to prolong the mass on certain celebration days.


define gospel in respect to the mass

a passage from one of the four gospels (matthew, mark, luke, john) chanted in monotone with inflections (tonus evangelii)
this is followed by an optional sermon.


define credo

syllabic, no systematic repetition pattern, opening phrase sung by priest or cantor, then choir. it is the center of the service and the text cannot be changed.


define offertory

neumatic reponsorial chant, originally psalm with antiphon. this accompanies the placing of the bread and wine on the altar and the placing of the offering on the altar. usually the churches were government subsadized.


what usually begins the offertory?

a prayer and psalm. This is recited or spoken.


define preface in respect to the mass.

a solemn declaration of praise beginning with the words vere dignum.


define the sanctus-benedictus

neumatic, broken into two parts-- "tripartite beginning" (this was the Sanctus in form aba sung by the priest or cantor then the choir) AND "tripartite ending (benedictus-hosanna- benedictus in the form aba)


define the canon

the central and most solemn proclamation said by the priest.


define pater noster

the Our Father. this is recited.


define agnus dei

neumatic or occasionally syllabic. it is usually a reflection of tripartite invocation: aba or aaa. less common is aab or abc


define communion (both in its historical context and the music used)

was not optional, only the minister could serve communion, all present gathered around the table, the minister got the wine, and the monks got the bread only.

music was neumatic, it originally was a antiphon and psalm during the distrubution of the elements.


what came after communion (aka define Post-Communion)

an antiphonal psalm that was spoken or recited.


what is the ite missa est?

this is the concluding salutation of Mass. usually shared melodic material with the kryie (of that mass). sung by priest or deacon then choir responded with "DEo Gratias", or in masses lacking the gloria they responded with "Benedicamus domino"