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Flashcards in Chapters 8 And 9 Deck (138)
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1

What is the Burgundian cadence.

Cantus firmus moves 7-7-6-8

Opposed to the Landini cadence where the cantus moves 7-6-8.

2

what is the influence of English musical culture on the Continent

-musicians joining in their sojourn in France
-rapid increase of performers and composers
-dissemination of English composition in Continental manuscripts
-trade alliances
- Low countries as a pathway between England and France

3

Aspects of the Contenance Angloise

prevalence for intervals of thirds an sixths in harmonic configurations
-placement of intervals of thirds and sixths in parallel motion
-very little use of dissonances
-preference for syllabic text setting
-preference for simple melodies
-preference for homorhythmic textures

4

polyphony on latin texts

this is a use of paraphrase technique in presentation of chant melodies. Chants were embellished and often came from Sarum rite. This practice remained in place in England from Middle Ages to the Reformation

5

Characteristics of disposition of voices in chant

-lower voice progressing third below he chant
- middle voice(countratenor) progressing a fourth below the cantus

6

Application of faburden technique in other genres

cantilena- free composed with recourse to homorhythm, latin text not based on chant
motet- replacement of isorhythmic practice by 1400
ordinarium missae- embracing simple cantilena and isorhythm. it is the principal source of English polyphony

7

Cantilena

freely composed, with recourse to homorhythm, Latin text, not based on chant

8

motet

replacement of isorhythmic practice by 1400

9

Ordinarium Missae

embracing simple cantilena and isorhythm, principal source of English polyphony

10

The English Carol

derived from carole, with alternating solo and chorale segments
- 15th century specime in English or Latin

11

John Dustable

most important English composer

12

Dunstables compositions

a) isorhthmic motets
b) ordinarium missae
c) settings of chant
d) redefining the motet

13

What was the English in vogue from the mid-late 15th century

a)Improvised faburden
b)isorhythmic motets
c) paraphrase technique of chant
d) free composition

14

Band of minstrels perform on

Trumpet
drum
vielle
lute
harp
organ
bagpipes
shawms

15

Philip the Bold of Burgundy

dates- 1363-1404
he is responsible for musical establishment with founding of chapel in 1384.

16

who developed Philip the Bold of Burgundy's Chapel

Charles the Bold(1467-1477) Philip the Good (1419-1467)

17

Binchois's chansons use

a) use of 3/4(tempus perfectum cuim prolatione imperfecta) and 6/8( tempus imperfectum cum prolatione perfecta)
b) also use hemiola
c)syllabic text setting, especially at beginning of each line of poetry
d) two-part counterpoint between cantus and tenor
e) sparing use of dissonances
f) clear influences of English music
g)reliance on cadence formulas

18

Who did Martin Luther call the "master of notes".

Josquin de Pres

19

What are the characteristics of the ordinary mass in the 15th or 16th century?

A) cantus firmus based
B) non-cantus firmus based
C) Hexachord
D) rotation mass
E) plain chant plus hymn
F) paraphrase mass
G) secular music was put into the mass by G de Fay. Council of Trent help.
H) motto mass- motif mass

20

Conflict of the crown between a French or English ruler of Franch?

100 years war.

21

How did English music impact composers in the 15th cent.

English Royal victories lead to increasing influence of English composers.

22

Why did English music never dominate?

Because of the countenance anglosie or English quality.

23

What was the "English quality"?

More 6ths and 3rds, often in parallel motion and was thought about as being too consonant sounding. Also they paraphrased words.

24

What is faburden?

English counterpuntal style where a plain chant. Middle voice is joined by an upper voice in perfect for that and a lower voice in thirds.

25

What is a cantilena?

Polyphonic song based on cantus firmus used especially for polyphonic songs by English composer

26

What was a 15th cent carol?

English song usually a religious subject.

27

Who is Guillaume Dufay

-Principal composer of the Burgundian Court.
most famous composer of his time

28

Guilliame Dufay's compositions are based on

a)French predecessors
b)Italian predecessor
c) English contemporaries
d)Burgundian contemporaries

29

French Characteristics

Some reliance upon forme fixe, lengthy melismas, frequent syncopations within and beyond the tactus.
-Free dissonance
-passages in imitation of ars subtilior with rapid notes featured in various subdivisions with attention to triplet figurations

30

Italian characteristics

-smooth vocal lines, in anticipation of monody.
-melismas on final accented syllable of each line of poetry
-change in mensurartio for B sections of pieces with binary layout, thus in imitation of the change in mensuratio in ritornello of madrigals