Music In The 13th and 14th cent Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Music In The 13th and 14th cent Deck (172)
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1

What was the simplest type of two tone music?

Playing a melody against a drone. The drone grounded the tonal centre.

2

What is an early form of counterpoint?

An Organum.

3

What is a principal voice? What is the latin word for it?

The original chant melody in the organum. vox principalis.

4

What is an organal voice? What is the latin word for it?

The voice opposite to the principal voice moving in exact parallel motion. vox organalis.

5

True or false
Parallel fifths were commonly used in early polyphony and were considered beautiful.

True

6

What is musica enchiriadis and why is it significant?

Treaties (rules) of polyphony. uses heightened neumes as an indication of pedagogical (teaching) intent. Also outlines the four types of movement.

7

What is parallel organum?

Type of polyphony in which an added voice moves in exact parallel to a chant.

8

What is a mix parallel organum?

Also known as oblique organum it combines unison and parallel motion.

9

What is contrary and similar motion?

types of harmony in which the two voices, (not parallel), are moving a)in different directions and b) the same direction.

10

What is note against note organum

Organum in which the voices move in contrary, similar, parallel and oblique motion against the chant. this is usually above the chant. Both voices move, as opposed to one moving and the other being a drone.

11

What is Aquintanian polyphony?

Style of polyphony form that encompasses both discant and florid organum. Comes from France. began in the 12th century.

12

Describe discant organum.

When the upper voice has three notes to the tenors one note.

13

What is florid organum?

Various notes from the upper group above the singular lower voice note that moves slower.

14

What is a lower voice in an organum called (both latin and english)?

The tenor or tenere. means to hold.

15

Both discant organum and florid organum are examples of what?

Note against note organum. (aka discantus)

16

What is score notation?

Notation where different voices or parts are aligned vertically to show how they are coordinated with each other.

17

What church came up with a polyphonic style that they name after themselves?

Cathedral of Notre Dame in paris.

18

what theorist is credited with the creation of Notre Dame polyphony?

Johannes de Garlandia

19

What are ligaturae (this is the plural of ligature)?

Combination of note groups to indicate different patterns of longs and breves.

20

How many basic rhythmic modes are there?

6

21

The 6 basic patterns of ligaturae and notae simplices are known as the_____?

Rhythmic modes

22

What is the first rhythmic mode?

Longa + Breve

23

Second rhythmic mode?

Breve+Longa

24

Third rhythmic mode?

Longa + Breve + Breve

25

What is the 4th rhythmic mode?

Breve + Breve + Longa

26

What is the fifth rhythmic mode

Longa + Longa

27

What is the 6 th rhythmic mode?

Breve + Breve + Breve

28

What is the basic time unit according to notre dame polyphony?

Tempus 6/8 or 3/8 time

29

Who are the two composers most commonly associated with polyphony of notre dame?

Leoninus and Perotinus.

30

What book is attributed to Leonin and Perotin? what is it?

Magnus liver organi. (1285). it is a book full of organa (directly translates to "large book of organum")