Flashcards in MEDIA PSYCHOLOGY- media influences on social behaviour Deck (32):
what is pro social behaviour?
what are examples of pro social behaviour under adolescence?
punctuality manners negotiation respect tolerance cooperative play obedience
what are examples of shows with pro social behaviour?
sesame 'sharing' 'fluffy characterssesame ' raise your hand' 'celeb exposing kids to messages they will acquire'he man (violence w/cartoon)- address violence - pro social messages eyecontact
what theory connects with media messages?
social learning theory (bandura)
what does the social learning theory mean?
learn via observation of role models (identify with)
how does children connect with slt?
children will retain what they see pn tv and imitate behaviour in similar sit if think rewarded
why is anti social behaviour greater than pro social behaviour?
media bias as anti social is better story political agenda - tv dangerous-watershedpressure on religious groups- tv dangerous for kids in 80s - 90s
what are the 4 explanation on prosocial behaviour?
kunkel et al 1996- 1 of 3rd of programmes show at least one act of violence and it misintrepts , not take in account all ages, only certain programme, temporal validity,conducted by adults not children.
what is the main study for exposure? (COMMENTARY)
woodard - in pre school kids programms 77% shown atleast one prosocial act howwver a study conducted and 4 ut of 20 top most watched programmes rarely shown prosocial acts
what is acquistion?
if role model does prosocial behaviour more likely to repeart it if rewarded children (vicarious reinforcement) repeat prosocial acts tend to repeat social norms we already know pro social>anti argument mares &woodard concrete acts/ abstract acts however
what is the argument with acquisition? (COMMENTARY)
sprafkin- tv actions discussion help children understand behaviour to store in ltm for situations
what is developmental factors?
aimed at age appropraite, younger less affected than older or other way round (mares)
what is parental mediation?
parents watch the shows w kids i.e watch with mother and fake cakeaustin -parents sat and explained =more undertsand diff tyes
types of b associated with prosocial?
altriusm, self control, anti stereotyping and positive interaction
what is altriusm?
sharing, cost to individ who completes task - effects of tv on altruisc behaviours is that involved in explicit modelling of very specific behaviours
example of atriusm study?
paoulous et al 5-8 year olds watch lassie -= cant relate as lassie dog and not represented for all tv
what is self control?
task resistence/resistence to temptation
example of self control?- researcher MARES
mares found that when exposed to tv model demonstrating self control increase in children showung self control in own behaviour
example of self control?- researcher FREIDICH AND STEIN
friedich and stein- 4 year old children that watched mr rogers for 4 weeks with positive task teneded to show more task persitence/obediance tha watchin neutral aggressive programmes over same time period
what is positive interaction?
friendly interaction etc
example of positive interaction?
freidch and stein as part of previous study, as ha obsrves watch children pay counting aggressive behaviours and freindly behaviour etc, those who watched proscial= more positive than those = neutral
example of antistereotyping?
johnston and ettema freestyle a programme to reduce sterotpes of gender which were then broken and changed.
anti social behaviour intro?
agressive acts are in cartoons (freview avail to anyone) programmes- tracy beaker -horrid henry concrete behaviours but also have lovelace and huston - mixed messages
meta analysi for aggressive b?
paik and comstock
outline meta analysis
meta analysis- paik and comstock examined whether children exposed to violent behavuor on tv behave more aggressively immediately afterwards217 btw violence and aggressive band found a highly significant relationship between two. greateast for preschool children
explanations for anti social?
cognitive priming, desensitisation and observational learning
what is o.l?
we learn aggressive behaviour from observing on tv nd imitating especially if can easily idetnify with people portraying acts such as same age or gender said that f character recieves a reward imitated more.
eval of o.l?
although correlation between too it might be that aggressive people choose to watch violent programmes huesmann - reports that children use tv models to direct own actions, suggesting media are sources of socal learning
what is desensitisation?
-desensitisation-watching violent acts all the time less likely to react franzoi we gradually become less responsive to vilent acts cause weve seen it so many times on tv
what is eval?
eval: most research not been represetnative samples mainly boys been usedbeta bias as it minisming differenfce btw men and women
what is cognitive priming?
cognitive priming - watching violence leads to people storing memories of violent acts for later sit. when person watches violent the viwer is primed to respond in simlar way.