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Flashcards in Medical Ethics Deck (11):
1

Define ethics

The body of moral principles or values governing or distinctive of a particular culture or group

2

Where do ethical principles come from?

1. Duties: actions by individuals or groups
2. Considering the benefits and harms to individual and society

3

What 4 factors contribute to ethics?

Principles
Values
Honesty
Standards

4

Define morality

Our attitudes and behaviours and relations to one another

5

What are the 4 ethical principles?

Autonomy
Non-malfeasance
Beneficence
Justice

6

What is autonomy?

Promote the right to self determination

7

What is non-malfeasance?

Avoiding harm

8

What is beneficence?

To do good

9

What is justice?

Fairness/equity (non-discrimination, equal treatment)
Individual vs population (rationing)

10

What are important points about ethical approach?

Non-judgmental
Not imposing personal views and respecting patients views
Confidentiality
Non exceeding your competency
Fitness to practice

11

What is important to ensure that you dont impose your personal views and respect patients views?

Fair presentation of facts/options
Not letting your views affect your advice/actions
Willingness to refer elsewhere
Not bullying/belittling