Flashcards in What is Health? Deck (14):
What is the 1948 WHO definition of health?
A state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
What are two factors that determine normality?
Describe statistical normality
The normal distribution:
When statistic plotted along horizontal axis for the variable (i.e. time) with the vertical axis representing probability of observing the value - it produces a bell shaped curve
Describe culture normality
Depends on expectations and standard of the society, and thus on political and economic factors as well
Apply 'normality' to peak flow readings
Somebodies 'normal' range may be out of the statistical predicted normal level, and the average range may indicate that the patient is unwell
Apply 'normality' to FBC
Haemoglobin levels may lie in 'abnormal' range, but that valve may be normal and healthy to the individual
What is the scientific view of health?
Health as the absence of disease or illness
What are the 5 characteristics set out by David Seedhouse in defining positive ideas about health?
An ideal state
Physical and mental fitness
Personal strength or ability
Basis for personal potential
What were the general public's view on health (Blaxter 1995)?
Absence of disease
What are the three different views on health with Lays Health Beliefs?
Describe Age in Lays Health Beliefs
Older people concerned with functional ability
Younger people focused on physical strength and fitness
Describe Gender in Lays Health Beliefs
Men and women think about health differently
Women may find concept of health more interesting
Women add a social aspect to healthth
Describe Social Class in Lays Health Beliefs
People living in difficult economic and social circumstances regard health as functional - the ability to be productive, cope and take are of others
Women of high social class or educational qualifications have a more multidimensional view of health