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Flashcards in Multicultural Medicine Deck (13):
1

What is culture?

It is the learned and shared values of a particular group that:
Guides thinking
Action
Behaviours
Emotion

The norms and customs that are learned

2

What is cultural sensitivity?

Ability to be open to learning about and accepting of different cultural groups

3

What is multiculturalism?

Recognition that society is pluralistic and their is a dominant culture, but also many others based around ethnicity, sexual orientation, geography, religion, gender and class

4

Why is culture important to the delivery of healthcare?

Influences patients beliefs, attitudes toward care and trust in the system and GP

Cultural differences affect how health information and healthcare services are receives, understood and acted upon

5

What are 3 influences of culture in health care?

Misunderstandings in diagnosis or in treatment planning due to language or culture differences

Poor patient adherence to treatment

Healthcare disparities

6

Give examples of healthcare disparities?

Death rates from lung cancer are higher in black men than white men

Ethnic minority of women with breast cancer have poorest survival rates

7

What are the different attitudes to treatment/healthcare usage?

Difference ethnic groups have different patterns of health service usage

I.e. South Asian patients having less control over their asthma and distrust in GPs

8

How can assumptions made hinder healthcare?

Assumption made after initial profile of a patient based on our past experience

When assumptions are about cultural issues, they can be a serious barrier to communication, treatment and management

9

Name 6 cultural barriers that could exist during a consultation

Lack of knowledge
Fear and distrust
Bias
Stereotyping
Language barriers
Differences in perceptions and expectations
Situations

10

What is cultural competence?

The understating of diverse attitudes, behaviours, practices and communication patterns due to variety of factors (race, ethnicity, religion, mental ability, age, gender etc)

11

What are 3 aims of cultural competence in healthcare?

Eliminate misunderstandings in diagnosis or in treatment that could arise from cultural/language barriers

Improve patient adherences with treatment

Eliminate healthcare disparities

12

What are the three bases of developing cultural competence?

Knowledge: know meaning of culture and importance
Attitudes: respect
Skills: Eliciting patients’ explanatory models of illness

It is a continuum

13

What are 3 steps in Eliciting patients’ explanatory models of illness?

1. Asking Q's to find out patients understanding of their illness

2. Having strategies for identifying and bridging the different communication styles

3. Having skills for assessing decision-making preferences and role of family