Flashcards in Multicultural Medicine Deck (13):
What is culture?
It is the learned and shared values of a particular group that:
The norms and customs that are learned
What is cultural sensitivity?
Ability to be open to learning about and accepting of different cultural groups
What is multiculturalism?
Recognition that society is pluralistic and their is a dominant culture, but also many others based around ethnicity, sexual orientation, geography, religion, gender and class
Why is culture important to the delivery of healthcare?
Influences patients beliefs, attitudes toward care and trust in the system and GP
Cultural differences affect how health information and healthcare services are receives, understood and acted upon
What are 3 influences of culture in health care?
Misunderstandings in diagnosis or in treatment planning due to language or culture differences
Poor patient adherence to treatment
Give examples of healthcare disparities?
Death rates from lung cancer are higher in black men than white men
Ethnic minority of women with breast cancer have poorest survival rates
What are the different attitudes to treatment/healthcare usage?
Difference ethnic groups have different patterns of health service usage
I.e. South Asian patients having less control over their asthma and distrust in GPs
How can assumptions made hinder healthcare?
Assumption made after initial profile of a patient based on our past experience
When assumptions are about cultural issues, they can be a serious barrier to communication, treatment and management
Name 6 cultural barriers that could exist during a consultation
Lack of knowledge
Fear and distrust
Differences in perceptions and expectations
What is cultural competence?
The understating of diverse attitudes, behaviours, practices and communication patterns due to variety of factors (race, ethnicity, religion, mental ability, age, gender etc)
What are 3 aims of cultural competence in healthcare?
Eliminate misunderstandings in diagnosis or in treatment that could arise from cultural/language barriers
Improve patient adherences with treatment
Eliminate healthcare disparities
What are the three bases of developing cultural competence?
Knowledge: know meaning of culture and importance
Skills: Eliciting patients’ explanatory models of illness
It is a continuum