Medical Terminology Chapter 1 Flashcards Preview

Fall Semester 2017 > Medical Terminology Chapter 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Medical Terminology Chapter 1 Deck (136):
1

word root

foundation of the word

2

prefix

beginning of the word

3

suffix

end of the word

4

combining vowel

a vowel (usually o) that links the word root to another word root or a suffix

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bi/o

life
biology-study of life

6

carcin/o

cancer
carcinoma - cancerous tumor

7

cardi/o

heart
cardiac - pertaining to the heart

8

chem/o

chemical
chemotherapy-treatment with chemicals

9

cis/o

to cut
incision-process of cutting into

10

dermat/o

skin
dermatology-study of the skin

11

enter/o

small intestine
enteric-pertaining to the small intestine

12

gastr/o

stomach
gastric-pertaining to the stomach

13

gynec/o

female
gynecology-study of females

14

hemat/o

blood
hematic-pertaining to the blood

15

immun/o

immunity
immunology-study of immunity

16

laryng/o

larynx
laryngeal-pertaining to the voice box

17

nephr/o

kidney
nephromegaly-enlarged kidney

18

neur/o

nerve
neural-pertaining to the nerve

19

ophthalm/o

eye
ophthalmic-pertaining to the eye

20

ot/o

ear
otic-pertaining to the ear

21

path/o

disease
pathology-study of disease

22

pulmon/o

lung
pulmonary-pertaining to the lungs

23

rhin/o

nose
rhinoplasty-surgical repair of the nose

24

a-

without
aphasia-without speech

25

an-

without
anoxia-without oxygen

26

anti-

against
antibiotic-against life

27

auto-

self
autograft-a graft from one's own body

28

brady-

slow
bradycardia-slow heartbeat

29

de-

without
depigmentation-without pigment

30

dys-

painful; difficult; abnormal
dysuria-painful urination; dyspnea-difficulty breathing; dystrophy-abnormal development

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endo-

within; inner
endoscope-instrument to view within; endocardium-inner lining of the heart

32

epi-

above
epigastric-above the stomach

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eu-

normal
eupnea-normal breathing

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ex-

outward
exostosis-condition of outward, or projecting, bone

35

extra-

outside of
extracorporeal-outside of the body

36

hetero-

different
heterograft-graft (like a skin graft) from another species

37

homo-

same
homograft-graft (like a skin graft) from the same species

38

hyper-

excessive
hypertrophy-excessive development

39

hypo-

below; insufficient
hypodermic-below the skin; hypoglycemia-insufficient blood sugar

40

in-

not; inward
infertility-not fertile; inhalation-to breathe in

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inter-

between
intervertebral-between the vertebrae

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intra-

within
intravenous-within a vein

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macro-

large
macrotia-having large ears

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micro-

small
microtia-having small ears

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neo-

new
neonatology-study of the newborn

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para-

beside; abnormal; two like parts of a pair
paranasal-beside the nose; paresthesia-abnormal sensation; paraplegia-paralysis of two like parts of a pair (the legs)

47

per-

through
percutaneous-through the skin

48

peri-

around
pericardial-around the heart

49

post-

after
postpartum-after birth

50

pre-

before
preoperative-before a surgical operation

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pro-

before
prolactin-before milk

52

pseudo-

false
pseudocyesis-false pregnancy

53

re-

again
reinfection-to infect again

54

retro-

backward; behind
retrograde-to move backward; retroperitoneal-behind the peritoneum

55

sub-

under
subcutaneous-under the skin

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tachy-

fast
tachycardia-fast heartbeat

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trans-

across
transurethral-across the urethra

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ultra-

beyond
ultrasound-beyond sound (high frequency sound waves)

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un-

not
unconscious - not conscious

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bi-

two
bilateral-two sides

61

hemi-

half
hemiplegia-paralysis of one side/half of the body

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mono-

one
monoplegia-paralysis of one extremity

63

multi-

many
multigravida-woman pregnant more than once

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nulli-

none
nuligravida-woman with no pregnancies

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pan-

all
pansinusistis-inflammation of all the sinuses

66

poly-

many
polymyosistis-inflammation of many muscles

67

quadri-

four
quadriplegia-paralysis of all four limbs

68

semi-

partial
semiconscious -partially conscious

69

tetra-

four
tetraplegia-paralysis of all four limbs

70

tri-

three
triceps-muscle with three heads

71

-algia

pain
gastralgia-stomach pain

72

-cele

protrusion
cystocele-protrusion of the bladder

73

-cyte

cell
erythrocyte-red cell

74

-dynia

pain
cardiodynia - heart pain

75

-ectasis

dilation
bronchiectasis-dilated bronchi

76

-gen

that which produces
pathogen - that which produces disease

77

-genic

producing
carcinogenic-cancer producing

78

-ia

state, condition
bradycardia - condition of slow heart

79

-iasis

abnormal condition
lithiasis-abnormal condition of stones

80

-ism

state of
hypothyroidism - state of low thyroid

81

-itis

inflammation
dermatitis - inflammation of the skin

82

-logist

one who studies
cardiologist - one who studies the heart

83

-logy

study of
cardiology-study of the heart

84

-lytic

destruction
thrombolytic-clot destruction

85

-malacia

abnormal softening
chondromalacia-abnormal cartilage softening

86

-megaly

enlarged
cardiomegaly-enlarged heart

87

-oma

tumor, mass
carcinoma-cancerous tumor

88

-opsy

view of
biopsy - view of life

89

-osis

abnormal condition
cyanosis-abnormal condition of being blue

90

-pathy

disease
myopathy-muscle disease

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-plasm

formation
neoplasm-new formation

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-plegia

paralysis
laryngoplegia-paralysis of larynx

93

-ptosis

drooping
blepharoptosis-drooping eyelid

94

-rrhage

excessive, abnormal flow
hemorrhage-excessive bleeding

95

rrhagia

abnormal flow condition
cystorrhagia-abnormal flow from the bladder

96

-rrhea

discharge
rhinorrhea-discharge from the nose

97

-rrhexis

rupture
hysterorrhexis-ruptured uterus

98

-sclerosis

hardening
arteriosclerosis - hardening of an artery

99

-stenosis

narrowing
angiostenosis-narrowing of a vessel

100

-therapy

treatment
chemotherapy-treatment with chemicals

101

-trophy

development
hypertrophy-excessive development

102

-centesis

puncture to withdraw fluid

103

-ectomy

surgical removal

104

-ostomy

surgically create an opening

105

-otomy

cutting into

106

-pexy

surgical fixation

107

-plasty

surgical repair

108

-rrhaphy

to suture

109

-tome

instrument to cut

110

-gram

record or picture

111

-graphy

process of recording

112

-meter

instrument for measuring

113

-metry

process of measuring

114

-scope

instrument for viewing

115

-scopic

pertaining to visually examining

116

-scopy

process of visually examining

117

physician's orders

complete list of care, medications, tests and treatments

118

nurse's notes

record of patient's care throughout the day; includes vital signs, treatment specifics, patient's response to treatment and patient's condition

119

physician's progress notes

physician's daily record of patient's condition, results of physician's examinations, summary of test results, updated assessment and diagnosis, and further plans for patients care

120

consultation reports

reports given by specialists who physician has asked to evaluate patient

121

ancillary report

reports from various treatments and therapies patient has received, such as rehabilitation, social services or respiratory therapy

122

diagnostic report

results of diagnostic tests performed on patient, principally from clinical lab and medical imaging

123

informed consent

document voluntarily signed by the patient or responsible party that clearly describes purpose, methods, procedures, benefits, and risks of a diagnostic or treatment procedure

124

operative report

report from a surgeon detailing an operation; includes pre- and postoperative diagnosis, specific details of surgical procedure itself and how patient tolerated procedure

125

anesthesiologist's report

relates details regarding substances (such as medications and fluids) given to patient, patient's response to anesthesia, and vital signs during surgery

126

pathologist's report

report given by pathologist who studies tissue removed from patient

127

discharge summary

comprehensive outline of patient's entire hospital stay; includes condition at time of admission, admitting diagnosis, test results, treatments and patient's response, final diagnosis, and follow up plans

128

acute care or general hospitals

provide services to diagnose (laboratory, diagnostic imaging) and treat (surgery, medications, therapy) diseases for a short period of time; in addition, they usually provide emergency and obstetrical care

129

specialty care hospitals

provide care for very specific types of diseases; for example, a psychiatric hospital

130

nursing homes or long-term care facilities

provide long-term care for patients needing extra time to recover from illness or injury before returning home, or for persons who can no longer care for themselves

131

ambulatory care centers, surgical centers or outpatient clinics

provide services not requiring overnight hospitalization; services range from simple surgeries to diagnostic testing or therapy

132

physician's offices

provide diagnostic and treatment services in a private office setting

133

health maintenance organization (HMO)

provides wide range of services by a group of primary-care physicians, specialists and other healthcare professionals in a prepaid system

134

home health care

provides nursing, therapy, personal care, or housekeeping services in patient's own home

135

rehabilitation centers

provide intensive physical and occupational therapy; includes inpatient and outpatient treatment

136

hospices

provide supportive treatment to terminally ill patients and their families