Medical Terminology Unit 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medical Terminology Unit 1 Deck (131):
1

suffix

the ending that follows a word root or comining form. You can change the meaning of the word by putting another part after it

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-er

suffix for one who

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-ist

suffix for specialist

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-ism

suffix for condition or theory

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-ity

suffix for quality

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verb

part of speech that shows action

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-ed

verb suffix, indicating past tense

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-ing

verb suffix indicating present tense

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cytometer

instrument that measures (counts) cells

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micrometer

instrument that measures (counts) small objects

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thermometer

instrument that measures temperature

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practioner

one who practices (usually a professional)

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radiographer

One who makes images using x-rays

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inflammation

condition of redness, swelling, and heat

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contraction

condition of shortening or tensing a body part, such as a muscle

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acro

combining form for the extremeties

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acrodermatitis

inflammation of the skin on the extremeties

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acromegaly

enlargement of the extremeties

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adjective

part of speech that describes or modifies a noun

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anemic

adjective form for anemia

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mucous

adjective form for mucus

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duodenal

adjective form for duodenum

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plural noun for appendix

appendices

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plural noun for bacillus

bacilli

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plural noun for bacterium

bacteria

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plural noun for larynx

larynges

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plural noun for vertebra

vertebra

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compound word

word make of two or more word roots

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chickenpox

varicella virus infection

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microfilm

film process used that reduces size of documents for storage

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brainstem

posterior base of the brain. (midbrain, medulla, oblongata, pons)

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cyano

combining form for blue

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cyanosis

condition of blueness (caused by low oxygen to tissues)

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cyanotic

adjective for cyanosis

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dermatitis

inflammation of the skin

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dermatology

study of the skin - specialty

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microbe

small organism

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microscope

instrument used to look at very small objects

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microsurgery

delicate surgery performed using magnification

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adeno

combining form for gland

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lympho

combining form for lymph (fluid, ducts, system)

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lymphadenopathy

delicate surgery performed using magnification

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injection

noun for inject, put in using a needle

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injected

past tense verb for inject

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injectable

adjective form for inject, able to be injected

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gastric

pertaining to the stomach (adjective

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gastroduodenoscopy

looking into the stomach with a scope

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gastroduodenostomy

making a new surgical opening in the stomach

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-itis

suffix for inflammation

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-ectomy

suffix for excision (to cut out)

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-ostomy

suffix for making a surgical opening that will remain open

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-pathy

general suffix for any disease

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word root

the foundation part of the word

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combining form

word root plus a vowel

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prefix

word part that goes in front of a root word. You can change the meaning of a word by putting another in front of it.

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subject

a word or group of words about which the sentence or clause makes a statement

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predicate

the verb in a clause (simple predicate) or the verb and its modifiers, complements, and objects (complete predicate)

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clause

a group of words containing a subject and a predicate

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modifier

a word or word group that limits or describes another word

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dermat/o

skin

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dermatology

the study of skin

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acrodermitis

inflammation of the skin extremeties

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acromegaly

enlarged extremeties

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anemia

lack of blood

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appendix

glandular structure below the cecum

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bacillus/bacilli

rod-shaped bacteria

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brainstem

brain structure that included midbrain, pons, medulla, oblongta

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carcinoma

cancerous tumor

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carpus, carpal, carpi

write bones (noun, adjective, plural)

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condyle/condylar

rounded bony process

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contraction

condition of shortening a body part, tension, muscle function

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crisis

acute

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cytometer

instrument that measures cells

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dermatities

inflammation of the skin

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disease

abnormal function or condition

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gastrectomy

excision of the stomach

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gastroduodenoscopy

examination by looking into the stomach and the duodenum with a scope

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gastroduodenostomy

make a new surgical between the stomach and the duodenum

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hydrocele

herniation or sac containing water

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hydrophobia

fear of water

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hydrotherapy

therapy using water

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hyperthyroidism

overactive thyroid condition

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ilium/iliac

upper pelvic bone noun/adjective

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inflammation

condition defined by redness, swelling, pain, and warmth

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inject/injected/injecting

put in using a needle (verbs)

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injectable

able to be injected (adjective)

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larynx/larynges

voice box (singular/plural)

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lymphadenopathy

disease of the lymph gland

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microbe

very small organism

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microfilm

image reduced to small size on film

91

micrometer

one millionth of a meter

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microscope

instrument used to look at small structures

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microsurgery

surgery using a microscope

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mucus/mucous

watery substance produced by a menbrane (noun/adjective)

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nerouspasm

nerve spasm

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noun

person, place, or thing

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psychiatrist

one who specializes in mental disorders

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sensitivity

quality of being sensitive

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spermatozoon

sperm (pl. spermatazoa)

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thermometer

instrument that measures temperature

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transport

carry across

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Prefix

Front part of the word, can change the meaning. Not every word has a prefix

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anti

prefix for against

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dys

prefix for not working

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pre

prefix for before

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post

prefix for after

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algia

pain

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osis

condition

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Suffix Rule 1

If a suffix starts with a consonant, keep the combining for vowel

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Suffix Rule 2

If a suffix starts with a vowel, drop the combining vowel

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dermo/dermato

skin

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y

noun ending counted as a vowel

113

y, e, ia

noun endings with no meaning

114

algia

ear pain

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micro

small

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hydro

water

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phobia

fear of

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therapy

treatment

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ism

condition, state, or theory

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-tion

condition

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-on (singular)

-a (plural)

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-ma (singular)

-mata (plural)

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-sis (singular)

-es (plural)

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-nx (singular)

-ges (plural)

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-a (singular)

-ae (plural)

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-us (singular)

-a (plural)

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-um (singular)

-a (plural)

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-is (singular)

-es (plural)

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-ex (singular)

-ices (plural)

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-ix (singular)

-ices (plural)

131

-ax

-aces