Medical Terminology Unit 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medical Terminology Unit 4 Deck (57):
1

ab

prefix for away from

2

abduction

movement away from the midline or body

3

aberrant

wandering from the normal path

4

abnormal

deviating from the expected

5

ad

prefix for toward

6

addiction

compulsive attracting to a substance or habit

7

abduction

movement toward the midline or body

8

adhesions

tissues that stick together, normally apart

9

arthro

combining form for joint

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arthritis

inflammation of a joint

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arthroplasty

surgical repair of a joint

12

arthroscope

instrument used to repair a joint

13

bursa

serous sac in a joint

14

bursectomy

excision of a bursa

15

bursitis

inflammation of a bursa

16

chondro

combining form for cartilage

17

chondrodynia

cartilage pain (chondralgia)

18

chondrectomy

excision of cartilage

19

abdomino

combining form for abdomen

20

abdominocentesis

surgical puncture for removal of fluid from the abdomen

21

-centesis

cavity for fluid/cell removal

22

costo

combining form for rib

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costochondrial

pertaining to rib and rib cartilage

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intercostal

between the ribs

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cysto

combining form for urinary bladder or a fluid filled sac

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cystocele

herniation of the urinary bladder

27

dento

combining form for tooth or teeth

28

dentist

specialist in the care of teeth

29

dentoid

resembling a toothlike structure

30

dys

prefix for defective or painful

31

dysplasia

defective development (abnormal tissues)

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chondrodysplasia

defective development of cartilage

33

hydro

combining form for water

34

hydrocele

herniation containing fluid or water

35

hydrocephalus/hydrencephalus

abnormal amount of fluid in the head

36

hydrophobia

fear of water (a symptom of rabies)

37

cystitis

inflammation of the urinary bladder

38

cystomy

incision in the urinary bladder

39

dentalgia

tooth pain

40

tendino

combining form for tendon

41

tendinitis

inflammation of a tendon

42

tendinoplasty

surgical repair of a tendon

43

myelo

combining form for spinal cord or bone marrow

44

myelocyte

bone marrow cell that produces blood cells

45

myeloidysplasia

defective development of the spinal cord

46

ortho

combining form for straighten

47

orthodontist

dental specialist that straightens teeth

48

orthopedist

physician bone and joint specialist and surgeon

49

orthotic

device used to straighten and support joints

50

osteo

combining form for bone marrow tumor

51

osteoma

bone tumor

52

osteopenia

bone loss (degeneration)

53

osteopathy

Practice of an osteopathic physician

54

peri

prefix for around or surrounding

55

pericardium

membrane around the heart

56

periosteum

membrane around the bone

57

periodontal

tissues around the teeth (gums)