Medical Terminology Unit 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medical Terminology Unit 2 Deck (101):
1

electro

combining form for electricity

2

electrocardiography

process of making an image or heart function using electricity

3

electrocardiograph

instrument used to product an electrocardiogram

4

erythema

condition of redness (skin)

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erythremia

condition of too many red blood cells (erythrocytosis)

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erythroderma

condition of redness of the skin (erythema)

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etiology

study of the origin of a disease

8

diagnosis

identification of a disease through signs and symptoms

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gastralgia

stomach pain

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gastromegaly

enlargement of the stomach

11

gastroduodenostomy

making a surgical opening in the stomach

12

histoblast

immature tissues

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histology

study of tissues

14

histologist

specialist in tissue studies

15

radio

combining for for x-ray

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radiogram

image made using x-rays

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radiography

process of producing a radiogram

18

sono

sound waves

19

sonographer

one who uses sound waves to create an image

20

sonography

process of producing a sonogram

21

thrombo

combining form for blood clot

22

thrombocytopenia

condition of low number of thrombocytes

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thrombocytosis

condition of high number of thrombocytes

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jaundice

yellow color of the skin caused by high bilirubin

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xanthemia

yellow color of the blood and skin due to high carotene levels (carotenemia)

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inflammation

condition of redness, swelling, heat

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inflamed

past tense verb of inflammation

28

inflammatory

something that causes inflammation

29

mania

condition of madness

30

megalomania

abnormally enlarged self image to the point of madness

31

melanocyte

pigmented cell

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melanoblast

immature melanocyte

33

melanoderma

dark pigmentation to the skin (patches)

34

patho

combining form for disease

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pathology

study of disease (specialty)

36

pathologist

physician specialist in disease

37

blastocyte

immature cell

38

cytology

study of cells

39

cytometry

measurement (counting) of cells

40

cardio

combining form for heart

41

cardiologist

physician heart specialist

42

cardiomegaly

enlargement of the heart

43

dermo, dermato

combining form for skin

44

dermatome

instrument used to cut thin slices of skin

45

dermatology

study of skin

46

-tome

suffix for cutting or a cutting instrument

47

-ectomy

suffix for excision or removal

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gastrectomy

removal of the stomach

49

-megaly

suffix meaning enlarged or enlargement

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-itis

suffix for inflammation

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-al or -ic

adjectival suffices meaning pertaining to

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-gram

suffix for picture or record

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tomograph

x-ray instrument used to show tissue or organs ine on plane (slice)

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tomagraphy

process of using a tomograph

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-algia

suffix for pain

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-graphy

is a suffix for the process or making a recording or image

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-gram

suffix for the actual paper readout or picture on the screen

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-pathy

suffix meaning disease

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chlor/o

green

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xanth/o

yellow

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erythr/o

red

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leuk/o

white

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melan/o

black

64

-blast

suffix for embryomic or immature cell

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-emia

suffix for blood

66

cardialgia

heart pain

67

cardiomegaly

enlargement of the heart

68

cyanoderma

blueness of the skin

69

cytologist

specialist who studies cellular disease

70

electrocardiograph

instrument that produces the electrocardiograph

71

erythrocytes

immature red blood cells

72

-cyte

suffix meaning cell

73

megolocardia

cardiac enlargement

74

gastromegaly

enlargement of the stomach

75

mania

madness

76

tomos

cut

77

ex

out of, away from

78

os

opening, like a mouth

79

stoma

opening like a mouth

80

in

inside, into

81

cis

cut, cut with a knife

82

gastr/o

cf for stomach

83

ostomy

suffix for new opening

84

tomy

suffix for incision

85

ectomy

suffix for excision

86

-graph

instrument to record data

87

cardi/o

combining word for heart

88

-gram

record, image, or picture

89

electr/o

combining form for electrical

90

son/o

combining word for sound

91

ech/o

cf for sound made by electrical waves

92

-pathy

disease

93

path/o

cf for disease

94

-osis

disease, condition, status, or process

95

tic

changes osis from a noun to an adj

96

-cyte

cell

97

-blast

embryonic

98

-emia

blood

99

cyt/o

cf referring to cells

100

-metry

process of measuring or counting

101

edema

collection of fluid