Medical Terminology Unit 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medical Terminology Unit 3 Deck (51):
1

encephalo

containing form for brain (inside the head)

2

encephalomalacia

softening of the brain

3

encephalistis

inflammation of the brain

4

hyper

prefix for above, abnormally high, increased

5

hypertension

abnormally high blood pressure

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hypertrophy

overdevelopment, enlarged

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hypo

prefix for below, abnormally low, decreased

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hypotension

abnormally low blood pressure

9

hypotophry

underdevelopment, loss of size (atrophy)

10

lipo

combining form for fat (superficial fat)

11

lipoid

resembling fat

12

lipoma

tumor composed of fat tissue

13

mal

prefix meaning bad

14

malignant

bad, worsening, leading to death

15

athero

combining form for fatty or porridge like fat

16

atheroma

tumor composed of fat in the blood vessels

17

atherosclerosis

hardening for a blood vessel caused by fat

18

carcino

combining form for cancer (epithelial origin)

19

carcinoma

cancerous tumor (epithelial origin)

20

carcinogenic

pertaining to cancer development

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cephalo

combining form for head

22

cephalalgia

pain in the head, headache

23

cephalic

pertaining to the head

24

cerebro

combining form for cerebrum (brain)

25

cerebral

adjective for cerebrum

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cerebrospinal

pertaining to the cerebrum (brain) and the spine

27

cerebrovascular

pertaining to the cerebrum (brain) and the blood vessels

28

cranio

combining form for skull

29

craniectomy

excision (cut out) of the skull

30

craniomalacia

softening of the skull

31

craniotomy

incision (cut) into the skull

32

melanocyte

pigmented cell (containing melanin)

33

melanocarcinoma

cancer originating from melanocytes

34

melanoma

malignant melanocyte tumor

35

meningo

combining form for menges (membranes)

36

meningitis

inflammation of the meninges

37

meningocele

herniation of the meninges

38

meta

prefix for beyond

39

metastasis

tumor or condition that spreads beyond its origin

40

metastasize

action of becoming a metastasis

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metastatic

pertaining to the metastases

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onco

combining form for tumors and cancer

43

oncologist

physician specialist in treament of cancer and tumors

44

oncology

study of cancer and tumors

45

adeno

combining form for gland

46

adentitis

inflammation of a gland

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adenoma

glandular tumor

48

adenopathy

any disease of a gland

49

neo

combining form for new

50

neoplasm

abnormal new growth (tumor)

51

antineoplastic

agent that fights tumor growth