Medical Terminology Unit 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medical Terminology Unit 5 Deck (56):
1

a- an-

prefix for not, absence or lack of

2

amenorrhea

absence of menstruation

3

apepsia

unable to digest food

4

aphasia

unable to speak

5

aphonia

no voice

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audio

combining form for hearing

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audiogram

image of hearing function

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audiology

study of hearing (specialty)

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audimetry

measurement of hearing function

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brady

prefix for abnormally slow

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bradycardia

slow heart rate

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bradyphasia

slow speech

13

bradypnea

slow breathing

14

chole

word root for bile (gall)

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cholecystitis

inflammation of the gall bladder

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cholelystogram

x-ray image of the gall bladder

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cholelithiasis

infestation with gall stones

18

coccus

round spherical-shaped bacteria

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diplococcus

coccus found growing in pair

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staphylococcus

coccus found growing in bunches (like grapes)

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streptococcus

coccus found growing in twisted chains

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bacillus

rod-shaped bacterium (singular)

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bacilli

rod-shaped bacterium (plural)

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streptobacillus

bacillus growing in twisted chains

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diplobacillus

bacillus growing in pairs

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dactylo

combining form for digit (fingers, toes)

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dactylospasm

contract or spasm of a digit

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dactylomegaly

enlarged fingers or toes

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dyslexia

condition causing difficulty with reading

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dysrhythmia

irregular rhythm (heart)

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dsyphagia

difficulty swallowing (eating)

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hyperthermia

abnormally high body temperature (fever)

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thermoesthesia

oversensitivity to feeling of heat

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thermoplegia

paralysis caused by high fever

35

macro

combining form for large (used as a prefix)

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macroblast

large cell

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macrocephalus

abnormally large head

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micro

combing for small (used as a prefix)

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microrhinia

small nose

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microcardia

small heart

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microgram

one-millionth of a gram (mcg)

42

oto

combining form for ear

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otic

pertaining to the ear (adjective)

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otorrhea

discharge or flow from the ear

45

otoscope

instrument used to examine the ear

46

poly

prefix for many or too many

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polydactylism

condition of having too many fingers or toes

48

polydipsia

condition of excessive thirst

49

pyo

combining form for pus

50

pyogenic

formation of pus (adjective)

51

pyothorax

pus in the chest cavity

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pyorrhea

flow or discharge of pus

53

tympano

combining form for ear drum

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tympanitis

inflammation of the ear drum

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tympanotomy

incision in the ear drum

56

tympanites

abdomen distended with gas (tight as a drum)