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Flashcards in Micro- worms Deck (23):
1

Common name of the flatworm (tapeworm)

Cestodes

flatworm (fluke): trematoes

2

Common name of the round worms?

Nematodes

3

Common name of the common name of the flatworm (fluke)

trematodes

flatworm (tapeworm): cestodes

4

Dwarf tapeworm: ______
vector: mouth
s/s: diarrhea

Hymenolepis nana

5

taenia saginata: vector?

type of parasite?

uncooked beef

Tapeworm (cestodes)

6

taenia solium: vector?

Type of parasite?

uncooked pork

takeworm (cestode)

s/s: cysticercosis, larva in cyst in the eye/ liver/ brain

7

Diphyllobothrium latum: vector?

Type of parasite?

mouth, contaminated sushi

tapeworm (cestodes)

s/s: pernicious anemia
MCC: yellow tuna

8

Echinococcus granulosus: vector?

Type of parasite?

canine feces

tapeworm (cestode)

s/s : cyst in the liver

9

shistosoma japonicum: vector?

type of parasite?

infested waters--> penetrates unbroken skin. host in snails = blood fluke

s/s: swimmers itch, inhabits the liver
MCC: of death by a helminth worldwide

10

MCC of DEATH by a heminth world wide is the ______ parasite

s/s:

shistomsoma japonicum

vector: infested waters--> penetrates unbroken skin. host in snails

(MC infection: ascariasis)

11

Fasciolopsis Buski: vector?

type?

what does it attack?

vector: contaminated smail feces get into aqua plants

type: trematode

attacks: intestines

12

2 trematodes that attack the liver

clonorchis sinensis - raw fish
fasciolopsis hepatica - contaminated aquatci plants

13

paragonimus westermani: vector?

type of fluke

crayfish --> via mouth

pulmonary fluke

14

what three roundworms are caused by oral-fecal

1. ascaris lumbricoides: colicky pn

2. enterobius verminculasis: scotch tape "anal cellophane test"

3. trichuris trichura: the whipworm

15

MCC of death by helminth:_______

MC infection worldwide by helminth: _______

MC helminth in the US: ________

MC hootworm in the US

ascaris lumbricoides death: shistosoma japonicum

infection worldwide: ascariasis

US: enterobius vermicularis

Hookworm in the US: necator americanus

16

MC roundworm:____

ascaris lumbricoides

vector: oral-fecal

s/s colicky pn, lives in SI

MC helminthic infection worldwide

17

Elephantitis/ lymphatic blockage= _____ roundworm

vector?

Wuchereria bancrofti (filiariasis)

vector: mosquito

18

MC hookworm in the US

Necator americanus

19

Scotch tape or "anal cellophane" test: _____ nematodes

causes nocturnal anal itching

Enteronius vermicularis

(pinworm)

20

name the 2 namatodes that are carried by flies in Africa

1. Onchocerca colvulus: river blindness

2. Loa Loa: River eye worm

21

trichonella spiralis: vector?

where does it reside?

vector: raw pork

resides: lives in striated M's, intercostals, diaphragm

bx M. to confirm

22

Nematode that causes wt. loss

vector: oral fecal

trichuris trichura

(tric tricky to loose wt)

23

structure of a parasitic worm:

Head aka: ______- attaches to the intestine
Body aka:_______- egg generateing segment

head: scolex

body: proglottis