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Flashcards in Pathology Deck (45):
1

________: peripheral N's degenerate to the next node of ranvier

"_______ phenomenon"

Wallerian

"Dying back phenomenon"

2

________: M is replaced with hyaline

Zenker's

3

Type 1 collagen is for:_____

bone, M , tendons and lig

4

type 2 collagen is for:_____

disc (nucleus pulposis)

5

type 3 collagen is for:___

'reticular collagen' found in spleen and lymph nodes. Also in early wound healing

6

type 4 collagen is for:____

basement membrane

7

Rocky Quarry dz=_____

silicosis

8

asbestosis leads to =_____

mesothelioma

9

Cotton dust "brown lung" =_____

byssinosis

10

Black lung dz from miners =_____

anthracosis

11

______ sx: anthracosis + RA

Caplan's sx

(Cap the miner had the black lung and arthritis)

12

Ohio Valley fever =_____

histomycosis

13

San Joaquin Valley fever =_____

Coccidiomycosis

14

Endemic fungus on eastern sea board: from florida to nova scotia

Blastomycosis

15

"Curschmann's spirals" = _____

Asthma
or "Charcot leyden crystals"

16

"Sweat test" = _____

Cystic fibrosis

17

Cystic fibrosis: affects the ____ & ____ lining and exocrine secretions .

More susceptible to ____ bact

GI and respiratory mucus lining

Susceptible to: Pseudomonas aeruginosa

18

Honeycomb lung

Pulmonary fibrosis

19

____: vascullitis of the lung and kidney

Wegner's granulomatosis

20

emphysema has a deficiency in:_____

Alpha-1- antitrypsin

21

_____: decr of tubular excretion of nitrogen

azotemia

22

MC type of kidney stone?

calcium oxalate

23

NephrITIC vs. NephrOTIC sx

Nephritic: RBCs & small amts of protein in the urine (acute glomerulonephritis)

Nephrotic: "pre-ecclampsia"/ eclampsia

24

______: nephroblastoma, mixed tumor of kidney in children

Wilm's tumor

25

_____: decrease cortisol/ hypoadrenia

s/s:______

Addison's dz

s/s: low BP, hyperpigmentation
xs ACTH--> incr MSH

26

_____: xs aldosterone = HT and water retention

Conn's Dz

27

_____: xs cortisol

s/s: (4)

Cushing's dz

s/s: moon face, buffalo hump, purple striae, central obesity

28

Hashimotos dz vs. Myxedema

Hashimotos: AI

Myxedema: hypothyroidism , cretinism in children

29

______ dz: s/s= wt. gain, slow HR, slow mental faculties

myxedema

30

Cervical CA: ____ virus

HPV 16 virus

31

MC site for endometriosis

ovaries

32

hydatidiform mole:_____
s/s:____

non-viable embryo that has implanted

s/s: incr HcG

33

_____: tumor of S.M, fibroids in the uterus

leiomyoma

34

_____ dz: anovulation, obesity, hirsutism, xs hair on body and face

polycystic ovary dz

35

_____: mcc of testicular CA

type of cells affected

Seminoma

cells: mesenchymal/ stem cells

36

5 signs of congenital syphilis

1. ____: notched permant upper incisors
2. ___:fissures in mouth
3.____: nose
4. ___ tibia
5. ___ visual changes

1. hutchinson's teeth
2. rhagades: fissures/ cracks in the mouth
3. saddle nose deformity
4. Sabre blade tibia
5. interstitial keratitis- visual changes

(deafness can also be present)

37

Explain the s/s of acquired syphilis
primary:
secondary:
tertiary:
argyll roberston pupil:

primary: hard painless chancres

secondary: maculopapular rash and condylomata lata (flat wart on vulva)

tertiary: tabes dorsalis, aortic aneyrysm, gummas

argyll: no light rxn, but constricts on accommodation

38

_____: tonic pupil dilation (mydriasis)

due to injury to _______

adie's pupil

injury to: CNIII Edinger Westphal nucleus

39

____: tonic pupil constriction due to injury of ____

Miosis

injury of: SP cervical gg

40

organism that makes soft painful chancroids:_____
organism that makes hard painless chancres:____

soft/ painful: haemophilus ducreyi

hard/ painless: treponema pallidum

41

____ venereal dz is the MCC of salpingitis

gonorrhea

42

"coffee bean shape" organism

Gonorrhea

(green/ yellow pus)

43

_____ is dx via Frei test

lymphogranuloma venereum (chlamydia)

44

organism that causes lymphogranuloma venereum

chlamydia

(white pus)

45

_____: vaginal discharge that is green/ frothy/ fishy/ foul smelling

trichimonas