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Flashcards in SA- Osteology Deck (77)
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1

Name of the wt. bearing portion of bone

cortical (aka compact)

2

______ contains the fat and bl forming tissue of bone (located in the center of the bone)

Trabeculae

3

Trabeculae is within the _____ bone

Cancellous (aka spongy/ medullary)

4

______ separates the epiphysis and the diaphysis

Epiphyseal plate
(where growth takes place)

5

_____: the part of the diaphysis that lies adjacent to the epiphyseal plate

metaphysis

6

Short bones are : ____- & _____

carpals and tarsels

7

Name the 5 flat bones in the bd

ribs
sternum
calvarium of the skull
scapula
clavicle

8

_____bones develop within M tendons

sesmoids (ex: patella)

9

Give 3 ex. of irregular bones

Vert.
some bones of the skull
pelvic bone

10

How many bones in the adult axial skeleton

80

11

How many bones in the vert. COLUMN

26
( column includes: occyx and sacrum)

12

How many bones in the appendicular skeleton

126

13

How many bones in the LE vs. UE

LE: 62
UE: 64
total: 126

14

How many bones in the spine

24
(only consists of TRUE vert)

15

Children have __#__ vert. segments

33

16

There are _#__ disc in the spine

23

17

There are __#___ disc in the spinal column

24

18

How are disc named?

As the same number of the vert. above it

19

Smallest and thinnest disc are located in the ___ spine.

Largest and thickest disc are located in the ___ spine

Small: C/S

Lg: L/S

20

Disc form ___ jts

amphiarthrodic

21

___ & ___ form secondary curves

secondary curves are also known as: ___

C/S and L/S

aka: compensatory curves

22

___ & ___ form primary curves

primary curves are also known as:____

T/S and sacrum

aka: accomodating curves (accomodate organs)

23

The superior and inferior notch of the IVF are formed by what vertebral structure?

pedicles

24

IVF is the smallest in the ___ region
IVF is the largest in the ___ region

smallest: C/S
Largest: L/S

25

ht. of the male spinal column ___cm (___ in)
Ht. of the female spinal column __cm (__in)

males: 71 cm (28 in)
Females: 61 cm (24 in)

26

name the "typical" vert

C/S: C3-C6
T/S: T2-T8
L/s: L1-L4

27

name the anterior landmarks based on the vert:
C3: ___
C4/C5:___
C6:___
C5/C6/C7:____

C3: hyoid
C4/C5: thyroid cartilage
C6: cricoid cartilage
C5/C6/C7: Thyroid gland

28

name the anterior landmarks based on the vert:
T2: ___
T4/ T5:___
T9:____
T10:___
L4: ____

T2: jugular notch (suprasternal notch)
T4/ T5: sternal angle of Lewis (jxn of the 2nd rib)
T9: jxn of sternum and xiphoid
T10: xiphoid
L4: umbilicus

29

T___ is the level at the base/root of the spine of the scap when prone

T___ is the level when standing

T3: prone

T4: standing

30

T___ is the level of the inf. angle of the scap when prone

T___ is the level of the inf. angle of the scap when standing

T6: prone

T7: standing