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Flashcards in Microbiology Deck (128):
0

Organism causing rectal prolapse

Trichuris trichuria

1

What organism causes achalasia?

Trypanosoma crusi (Chaga's disease)

2

Most common cause of atypical pneumoniae

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

3

No cell wall

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

4

Organism that gives a (+) cold agglutinin

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

5

Fried egg appearance

Myocoplasma
Oligodendroglioma

6

Etiologic agent of bronchiolitis

RSV

7

Most common cause of infantile diarrhea

RSV

8

Vector for the Japanese encephalitis

Culex

9

India Ink

Cryptococcus neoformans
(encapsulated yeast)

10

In a low resource setting, what is used to diagnose chlamydia

Giemsa stain

11

Most common cause of non-gonoccocal urethritis

Chlamydia

12

Blindness secondary to chlamydial infection is secondary to

Corneal scarring

13

Special stain used for cryptosporidium

Modified (Kinyoun's) Acid Fast

Causes diarrhea

14

Most common cause of infectious diarrhea in an AIDS patient

Cryptosporidium

15

Smear for Herpes

Tzanck smear

DOC: Acyclovir

16

Flask-shaped ulcers colon

Entamoeba hystolitica

Invaded layer: submucosa

17

Amebic abscess (liver abscess) is caused by

Entamoeba hystolitica

18

Anchovy paste appearance

Amoebic abscess (E. hystolicta)

Most feared complication: Amoebic pericarditis

19

Spaghetti and meatballs

Tinea Versicolor (Pityriasis)

Malassezia furfur

20

Sporotrix Shenckii

Rose garderner's disease

21

Mariner's wheel/Pilot's wheel

Paracoccidiodes Brasilienses

22

Broad-based budding yeast

Blastomyces dermatitidis

23

Stain used in P. jiroveci

Methenamine Silver

24

DOC of P. jiroveci

TMP-SMX

Back-up drug: Pentamidine

25

Most common cause of pneumonia in AIDS patient

P. jiroveci

Order of infection:
MTB > P. jiroveci > MAI

26

Oriental lung fluke

Paragonimus westermani

PTB-like symptoms (hemoptysis)
Pulmonary distomiasis

27

Eating raw cray fish or raw crabs

Paragonimus westermani

28

Organism associated with cholangiocarcinoma

Clonorchis sinensis

Chinese liver fluke

29

Re-heated fried rice

B. cereus

30

Urinary bladder CA

Schistosoma hematobium

He-matobium cases He-maturia
Terminal spine
DOC: Praziquantel

31

Intermediate host for S. japonicum

Oncomelania quadrasi

32

Katayama fever

S. japonicum

Lateral spine

33

Swimmer's itch

S. japonicum

34

Intermediate host of C. philippinensis

Pila Luzonica

35

Areas endemic to schistosomiasis

Mindoro Oriental
Sorsogon
Samar
Leyte
Bohol

By region:
Surigao, Agusan del Norte
Northern Samar
Eastern Samar
Leyte

36

Neurocysticercosis

Taenia solium
Pork tapeworm

37

Most common CNS infection in the WORLD

Neurocysticercosis

Presents with: SEIZURES and HEADACHE

38

Hydatid cyst

Dog tapeworm

Echinococcus granulosis

39

Most common cause of splenic cyst (if parasitic)

Echinococcus granulosus

Dog tapeworm

40

Diphylobothrium latum leads to

Vitamin B12 deficiency

Megaloblastic or pernicious anemia

41

Longest tapeworm

Diphylobothrium latum

42

Loeffler's syndrome (type of pneumonia)

Ascaris lumbricoides

Erratic/wandering behavior
Scariest worm
Most common parasite in the Philippines

43

DOC for Ascaris lumbricoides

Pyrantel pamoate
Mebendazole

44

Scotch tape method

E. vermicularis

Pinworm, seatworm

45

Pruritus ani

E. vermicularis

46

DOC for E. vermicularis

Pyrantel pamoate

47

Organisms that cause auto-infection

Enterobious
Strongylodes

48

Bipolar plugs ova

Trichuris trichiura

Nipple or lemon shape

49

Complication of whipwhorm

Complication: rectal prolapse

50

Loa-Loa

Deerfly

2 discrete nuclei at the tail

51

Calabar swelling

Loa Loa

52

Black eschar

Bacillus anthracis (cutaneous)

Malignant pustule
Painless ulcers

53

Woolsorter's disease

Bacillus anthrax (pulmonary)

54

Cutaneous larva migrans

Ancyclostoma brasilienses

"A cute Brasilian"

55

Visceral larva migrans

Toxocara canis

Affects the sclera

56

River blindness

Onchocerca volvulus

Vector: black fly

57

Medusa head colonies

Bacillus anthrax

58

Myonecrosis

Gas gangrene

Clostridium perfringens
Crepitations: gas in the subcutaneous tissue

59

Treatment for myonecrosis

Hyperbaric oxygen

60

Bend's disease is also known as

Caisson's disease/Cheyne stoke's

Treatment: hyperbaric oxygen (for anaerobic infection)

61

Death march of Bataan

Gas gangrene

62

Friedlander's bacillus is also known as

Klebsiella pneumoniae

63

Currant jelly sputum/colonies

Klebsiella pneumoniae

64

Falling leaf motility

Giardia lamblia

Smiling face with a prominent eyes

65

Shanghai fever

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

66

Bacillus pyocyanius

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Pyocyanin (blue pus)
2 pigments: pyoverdin and pyocyanin

67

Most common ventilator-associated pnuemonia

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

68

Organism most commonly seen in extensive burns

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

69

2 infections in cystic fibrosis

Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Staph aureus

70

Fruity/grape-like odor

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

71

DOC for Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Ceftazidime

72

Icthyma gangrenosum

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Decubitus ulcer

73

Yellow sulfur granules

Actinomyces israeli

74

Lumpy jaw

Actinomyces israeli

Presenting as abscess in the jaw

75

Diabetic with black nasal discharges/granules

Mucor mycosis

Fatal

76

Tumbling motility

Listeria monocytogenes

Neonatal meningitis

77

Organism associated with unpasteurized milk and coleslaw

Listeria monocytogenes
Brucella

78

Airconditioned units

Legionella

Pneumonia with hyponatremia
Cooling towers

79

Pontiac fever

Legionella + high grade fever

80

Packs of cigars

Myocbacterium leprae

81

Cigar-shaped yeast

Sporothrix shenckii

82

Hansen's disease is also known as

Leprosy

83

Chinese character appearance

Corynebacterium diptheriae

84

Shepherd's crook

Chilomastix mesnili

"Shepherds have stix"

85

Bacteria presents as school of fish appearance

Lymphogranuloma venerum

86

Draughtsman or carom coin appearance

Pneumococci

87

Relapsing fever

Borellia recurrentis

88

Malta fever

Brucella

Undulant fever
Relapsing fever

89

Organism associated with colon CA? gastric CA? Cholangiocarcinoma? Cervical CA?

Colon: Strep. bovis
Gastric: H. pylori
Cholangiocarcinoma: Chlonorchis sinensis
Cervical CA: HPV 16 and 18

90

EBV is associated with?

Nasopharyngeal CA
Burkitt's lymphoma

91

Anasakis is associated with what CA

Stomach CA

92

Organism associated with Lyme disease

Borrelia burgdorferi

Ixodes tick

93

Rash associated with Lyme disease

Erythema chonicum migrans

Target/Bull's eye lesion

94

Ixodes tick is associated with

Babesia microti
Lyme disease (Borrelia)

95

Rocky mountain spotted fever

Rickettsia rickettsi

Camping or great outdoor

96

Recrudescent typhus

Rickettsiae prowazekii

Brill-Zeinsser disease

97

Q fever

Coxiella burnetti

Only rickettsial species not transmitted by arthropods

98

Only rickettsial species not transmitted by arthropods

Coxiella burnetti (Q fever)

Transmitted through fomites

99

Safety pin appearance

Yersinia pestis

100

Bubonic plague

Yersinia pestis

101

What causes tissue damage in PTB

Cord factor (trehalose mycolate)

102

Cherry red colonies

Serratia marcescens

103

Golden yellow colonies

Staphyloccocus aureus

Yellow pigment ~ Staphyloxanthin

104

UTI in young sexually active female

Staph. saprophyticus

105

Most common etiologic agent of UTI

E. coli

106

Food poisoning associated with mayonnaise

Staphylococcal food poisoning

Picnic/party with N/V and diarrhea
Toxin: Enterotoxin

107

Swarming growth

Proteus mirabilis/vulgaris

UTI and kidney stones (staghorn calculi)
Swarming growth is due to the flagella (peritrichous)

108

Urease-producing organisms

H. pylori
Proteus

109

Colonies show a stalactile growth

Yersinia pestis

110

Greenish metallic sheen

E. coli

111

Honeymoon cystitis

E. coli

112

Bacteriologic index of water

E. coli

113

Montezuma's revenge

E. coli

Traveller's diarrhea

114

Type of E. coli that causes HUS

Enterohemorrhagic

Shiga-like toxin, Veratoxin

115

Serotype of HUS in children

Serotype 0157

116

Thayer Martin culture

Neisseria

117

Squamous epithelial cells surrounded by bacteria

Clue cells

118

Clue cells

Bacterial vaginosis

To diagnose: Amsel's criteria

119

Fishy odor of the vagina

Bacterial vaginosis

120

Strawberry cervix

Trichomonas vaginalis

DOC: Metronidazole

121

Whiff's test

Bacterial vaginosis

122

Bullet-shaped organism

rabies

123

Incomplete virus

Hepatitis D

124

Beneficial enteric bacteria

Lactobacillus

125

Pea soup stool + rose spots

Typhoid fever (S. typhi)

126

Rice water stool

Cholera

127

Auramine rhodamine stain is also known as the

Acid fast stain

Used for PTB