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Flashcards in Syndromes Deck (60):
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Pearly papule CA

Basal cell CA

1

Most common cause of genital ambiguity

CAH

2

Most common immunodeficiency worldwide

IgA deficiency

3

Most common immunodeficiency in the Philippines

SCID

4

Most common nephropathy worldwide

IgA nephropathy

5

Undernourished child with recurrent infections

SCID

6

Crumpled paper/tissue appearance

BM histiocytes (Gaucher cells)

7

Cherry red spot in the macula

Tay-Sach's Disease
Niemann Pick's Disease

8

Self mutilation + hyperuricemia

Lesh Nyhan syndrome

9

Mousy or musty odor

Phenylketonuria

10

Defective neutrophils leading to recurrent infections

Chronic granulomatous disease

11

Louis-Bar syndrome is also known as

Ataxia-telangiectasia

12

Podagra

Gout

Rich in uric acid: sardines, menudo at igado, beets sprouts, tougi

13

Meningococcus + adrenal crisis

Waterhouse-Friedrichson syndrome

14

Cherry-red diaper syndrome

Serratia marcescens

15

Precocious puberty + polyostotic fibrous dysplasia + unilateral cafe=au-lait spots

McCune Albright Syndrome

Unilateral cafe-au-lait spots: coast of Maine

16

Smooth philtrum + thin upper lip

Fetal alcohol syndrome

17

Obesity + hypoventilation + somnolence + erythocytosis

Pickwickian syndrome

Similar to OSA

18

Hepatic vein thrombosis

Budd Chiari Syndrome

Post-sinusoidal obstruction
Abdominal enlargement with ascites

19

Malingering (fabrication of a clinically convincing disease)

Münchausen syndrome

20

Post MI pericarditis

Dressler's syndrome

Autoimmune + pericardial friction rub

21

Chinese restaurant syndrome is due to

MSG reaction

Chest pain, burning sensation over parts of the body

22

Contralateral loss of pain and temperature sensation with ipsilateral loss of proprioception and touch

Brown-Sequard Syndrome

Hemi-section of the cord

23

Keratoconjunctivitis sicca + xerostomia (dry mouth)

Sjögren's syndrome

24

Mikulicz disease

Sjorgen's syndrome/sicca syndrome

25

Barlow syndrome is also known as the

Floppy mitral valve syndrome

Mid-systolic click

26

Most common syndrome associated with MVP

Marfan's

27

Most common tumor associated with Zollinger Ellison Syndrome

Gastrinoma

Severe peptic ulcer disease

28

Eisenmenger's syndrome is associated with what cardiac defect

Ventricular septal defect

Presents with pulmonary hypertension and cyanosis

29

Most common form of PID

Salpingitis (inflammatory Fallopian tube)

Predisposes to ectopic pregnancy

30

Vasculitis presenting with uveitis, optic atrophy, oral and genital ulcers

Behcet's syndrome

Think: "oral and genital ulcers"

31

Triad of HTN, hypokalemia, low/normal renin

Conn's syndrome

32

2 most common cancers involved in SVC

1) Lung
2) Breast

33

Edema + engorgement of the vessels of the face, neck, and arms, with dypsnea

Superior vena cava syndrome

34

Pemberton's sign

SVC syndrome

Caused by obstruction of the SVC in bronchogenic CA

35

ECG: tachycardia, short PR, delta wave (early QRS complex)

Wolf-Parkinson-White Syndrome

"Delta wave"

36

ECG: saw tooth

Atrial flutter

37

ECG: U wave

Hypokalemia

38

Intra uterine synechiae

Asherman's syndrome

39

Adhesions within the endometrial cavity causing amenorrhea and infertility

Asherman's syndrome

40

Cyanotic flushing with diarrhea

Carcinoid tumor

Serotonin + 5HT

41

Ovarian fibroma + ascites + hydrothorax/pleural effusion

Meigs' Syndrome

42

Polyposis (hamartomas) with buccal pigmentation

Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome

43

Verner Morrison Syndrome is also known as

VIPoma/Pancreatic cholera

WADHA
Watery diarrhea, hypokalemia, achlorhydira

44

Components of VIPoma

Watery diarrhea, hypokalemia, achlorhydira

Non-beta islet cell tumor
Associated with MEN type 1

45

Post partum pituitary necrosis leading to hypopituitarism

Sheehan's syndrome

46

PCOS is also known as

Stein-Leventhal syndrome

Polycystic ovary, infertility, amenorrhea, and hirsutism

47

Situs invertus + chronic sinusitis + bronchiectasis

Kartagener's syndrome

Aka Primary ciliary dyskinesia
Defect: Dynein (retrograde)

48

Hamman-Rich Syndrome

Interstitial fibrosis of the lung

49

Allergic granulomatous angitis presenting with asthma + fever + eosinophilia

Churg-Strauss syndrome

50

Seizures + hepatic failure after a viral infection treated by aspirin

Reye's syndrome

51

Microscopic finding of Reye's syndrome

Microvesicular fatty change

52

Most common abdominal emergency in the neonate

NEC

53

Most common cause of acute pancreatitis? Chronic pancreatitis?

Acute: gallstones
Chronic: alcohol

54

Most common benign pulmonary lesion

Hamartoma

55

Mottling of the teeth

Hyperfluorosis

56

Most common primary bone tumor in adults? Pediatric patients?

Adults: Multiple myeloma
Pedia: Osteosarcoma

57

M protein spike in electrophoresis

Multiple myeloma

58

Caterpillar cells

Multiple meyolma

59

Mott cells

Multiple myeloma

Spoked wheel appearance