Flashcards in Microbiology and STIs Deck (95)
Give examples of bacterial STIs
Give examples of viral STIs
Human papilloma virus
Herpes simplex virus
Describe normal vaginal flora
Why are full STI screens done?
Co-infections are common, if a patient is ar risk of an STI, they are at risk of all STIs
Is candida an STI?
What is the most common cause of candida?
Non-albicans candida is more common in which group of patients?
What are some of the predisposing factors to getting candida?
Recent antibiotic treatment
High oestrogen levels
Poorly controlled diabetes
How does candida present?
White vaginal discharge
How is candida diagnosed?
Self taken vulvovaginal swab
(or clinician takes endocervical swab)
What is the treatment for candida?
Is bacterial vaginosis an STI?
No - but it is more common in people who are sexually active
What is bacterial vaginosis?
Imbalance of bacteria in the vagina - anaerobes take over, turning the normally acidic environment alkaline
How does bacterial vaginosis present?
Foul smelling discharge
What are some of the possible consequences of bacterial vaginosis?
Increased rates of endometriosis
Increased risk of preterm delivery and infections in pregnancy
Increased risk of acquiring HIV
What is the treatment for bacterial vaginosis?
Do you need to treat the partners of patients with bacterial vaginosis?
What is the organism which causes chlamydia?
Which sex is chlamydia more common in?
More common in women than men
What is the most common STI in the UK?
Which STI is caused by an obligate intracellular bacteria which doesn't stain with gram stain?
Which of the serological groupings of chlamydia is responsible for causing genital infection?
Lymphogranuloma venereum is a serovar of chlamydia. How does it present?
Diagnosed in MSM
Rectal pain, discharge and bleeding
Irregular bleeding is the red flag for which STI?
How does chlamydia present in female patients?
Lower abdominal pain
Oozing vaginal discharge
Intermenstrual or postcoital bleeding
How does chlamydia present in male patients?
Milky urethral discharge
What are some of the possible complications of chlamydia?
Fitz-Hugh-Curtis Syndrome (Perihepatitis)
Chronic pelvic pain
What STI might be the cause of red eye in an infant?
Transmission of chlamydia to neonates can cause what?