midterm Flashcards Preview

crim 101 > midterm > Flashcards

Flashcards in midterm Deck (101)
Loading flashcards...
1

when and where was the first school of criminology established?

1963, university of montreal

2

when was the school of criminology established at sfu?

1973

3

on average, by age 18, how many violent acts and how many murders has a child watched on tv?

16,000 murders
200,000 violent acts

4

5 features of moral panic

concern, hostility, consensus, disproportionality, volatility

5

behaviour that differs from accepted social norms

deviance

6

statistical data relating to characteristics of a population

demographics

7

the finding that two measurable variables occur together, suggesting a relationship but not necessarily cause/effect

correlation

8

forensic entomology

the study of insects to assist in legal investigations

9

what does UCR stand for

Uniform Crime Reporting survey

10

what does GSS stand for

General Social Survey

11

how does the GSS get its data?

by randomly calling citizens in a given jurisdiction

12

who argued that criminality was a biological trait

cesare lombroso

13

explain william sheldon's argument of somatotyping

body types are strongly linked to criminal behaviour

14

what part of the brain is associated with aggressive behaviour

frontal lobe

15

what does CPTED stand for

Crime prevention through environmental design

16

what does CPTED aim to do (2 things)

manage crime by:
1. decreasing the opportunity and motivation for committing crime
2. increasing risk to offender if crime is committed

17

2 criticisms of CPTED

1. it only displaces crime to less-protected areas
2. it shifts the responsibility of crime prevention from the state onto the individual

18

geographic profiling

a tool that permits police to focus on the likely residence of offenders in the case of serial crimes

19

imposing a form of control on individuals who might otherwise not be subject to such control

net widening

20

crime is a choice made by willing actors

rational choice theory

21

media effects

the concept that exposure to media has an effect on behaviour

22

active audiences

the concept that audiences are not passive recipients of info but instead are active in creating meaning

23

problem frame

a narrative that is easily understood because it focuses on something "bad" that affects many people and can be solved in the future

24

a person or group that takes the lead in identifying a certain behaviour as deviant and in need of legal sanctions

moral entrepreneurs (crusaders)

25

people or groups presented in media as deviant outsiders and the cause of social problems

folk devils

26

grassroots theory

moral panics begin with genuine public concern about a problem (real or imagined), thus politicians and the media become involved

27

elite-engineered theory

small, powerful groups deliberately create moral panics to divert public attention away from more serious social issues (which the solutions to might negatively impact the groups themselves)

28

interest group theory

media, politicians, professional, and religious groups act independently to generate a moral panic about something they may or may not be genuinely concerned about

29

6 qualities of an "ideal victim" for media coverage

weak, going about routine, blameless, unrelated to offender, submissive, can assert victim status without threatening status quo

30

sousveillance

when a citizen records an incident to hold police accountable