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Flashcards in Midterm Multiple Choice Deck (43)
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1

Six Basic Divine Action Categories

1) Personal Interventionism (dramatic)
2) Personal Providentialism (subtle)
3) Cosmological Interventionism in Origins (dramatic)
4) Cosmological Interventionism in Operations (dramatic)
5) Cosmological Providentialism in Origins (subtle)
6) Cosmological Providentialism in Operations (subtle)

2

Teleology

belief that the universe & life have an ultimate plan and ultimate purpose and that the world is moving toward an ultimate goal or final end

3

Dysteleology

belief that the universe & life have NO ultimate plan, NO ultimate purpose, NO ultimate goal, and NO ultimate final end

4

Phil 2:10-11 (Paraphrase)

“At the name of Jesus every knee should bow, (1) in heaven and, (2) on earth and, (3) under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.”
o Under the earth = underworld
o Earth is flat in a 3-tier universe

5

Hermeneutical Gaps (Multiple Choice) (5)

o Historical – Egypt a world super power in 15000 BC/E
o Cultural – Jesus washing the feet of his disciples before dinner
o Linguistic – word óðåñìá in the context of human reproduction
o Philosophical – sin as an epistemological factor
o Scientific – shape of the earth in the Bible

6

3 Categories of Biblical Statements

1.) Spiritual Statements: God & spiritual reality
2.) Historical Statements: human activities in the past
3.) Scientific Statements: structure, origin & operation of the physical world

7

Biblical Statements: Date
archaeological evidence of Hebrews

1200 BC/E

8

Biblical Statements: Relationship 1

o The problem between Biblical Inerrancy & Biblical Scientific Statements
 God does NOT lie, but statements about nature (scientific) in the Bible DO NOT align with physical reality

9

Biblical Statements: Relationship 2

o The Overlap Problem in human origins
 Human origins deals with all 3 categories of biblical statements

10

Scientific Concordism

common assumption that the Bible aligns (or is supposed to align) with modern science

11

Karl Marx

• An eloquent “religion is a crutch or drug” theory
o “religion is the opium of the people”

12

13 Features of the Doctrine of Creation (multiple choice)

1.) Realism
2.) Transcendence
3.) Ordinance
4.) Creatio Ex Nihilo
5.) Temporality
6.) Dependence
7.) Sustenance
8.) Omnipresence
9.) Omnipotence
10.) Omniscience
11.) Revelatory Intelligibility
12.) Image Dei
13.) Goodness

13

Immanuel Kant

Religion = metaphysics
Everyone has metaphysics, meaning nearly everyone is religious = WIDE definition of religion

natural and moral revelation

14

o Theism:
o Deism:
o Idealist Pantheism:
o Naturalist Pantheism:
o Singular Pagan:
o Dualist Pagan:
o Dysteleological:

o Theism: Judaism, Christianity, or Islam
o Deism: Darwin
o Idealist Pantheism: Buddhism
o Naturalist Pantheism: Einstein
o Singular Pagan: Fate
o Dualist Pagan: Chinese Yin & Yang
o Dysteleological: Dawkins

15

Hermeneutical Principle 3: Accommodation

God descending to the level of humans in order to reveal himself revealing Spiritual Truths so that humans can understand them

16

Isaac Newton & his book Principia Mathematica (1687)

Newton accepted:
 (1) a Creator
 (2) intelligent design
 (3) divine action in Origins & Operations

universe is like a clock that God could intervene and wind up

17

Oral Tradition

“Oral tradition ... serves as the principle repository for the collective experience and general beliefs, attitudes, and values of the community ... The primary function of oral tradition is the very practical one of explaining, and thereby justifying, the present state and structure of the community, supplying the community with a continuously evolving ‘social charter’ ...

18

De Novo Creation

Creation that is:
o Quick
o Complete

19

Sir Francis Bacon

One of the founding fathers of modern science. In his book Novum Organum (New Instrument), he explains that the scientific method is based on:
o Induction- reasoning from particular facts to general principles empirical facts- laws of nature.
o Deduction- reasoning from general principles to particulars

20

Scientism Metaphysical Blind Spot

Most who accept scientism fail to recognize that they hold a metaphysical position they think that their view is purely scientific.

21

Bertrand Russell

Depicts the reign and attitude of scientism between 1900-1950

22

John Polkinghorne:

Was a physicist and then became a priest

Leading scholar in science and religion and developed Critical Realism

23

Critical Realism (11 features) MC

1.) Realism
2.) Intelligibility
3.) Explanatory Limitations
4.) Verisimilitude
5.) Historically Progressive
6.) Comprehensiveness & Interconnectedness
7.) Fruitfulness
8.) Counterintuitiveness
9.) Human Factor
10.) Primacy of Nature
11.) Practice of Day-to-Day Scientists

24

John Haught - Science and Religion Model

CONFLICT RELATIONSHIP
CONTRAST RELATIONSHIP
CONTACT RELATIONSHIP
CONFIRMATION RELATIONSHIP

o Rejects conflict
o Begins with Contrast as a “necessary 1st step away from conflation and conflict
o Accepts contact supplemented by confirmation
o Select and combine various categories and relationships

25

God-of-the-Gaps

 Belief that God intervenes at different times in:
• Origins of the cosmos (and/or/both)
• Operations of the cosmos
 Gaps are gaps in knowledge, not gaps in nature

26

Theology’s Hermeneutical Blind Spot

 Most religious people are not aware they use science in their theology
 People talk about creation using the science of their generation and this is conflating

27

Science & Religion Model of Ian Barbour

CONFLICT RELATIONSHIP
INDEPENDENCE RELATIONSHIP
DIALOGUE RELATIONSHIP
INTEGRATION RELATIONSHIP

o Rejects conflict
o Begins with independence as 1st step
o Integrates dialogue & parts from integration
o Therefore  select and combine various categories

Natural revelation - intelligent design

28

Carl Sagan

• Astronomer & hosted popular science TV series in 1980s
• Promoted conflict relationship & idea that science = atheism

29

EO Wilson

• Harvard professor & father of sociobiology (evolutionary psychology)
• Religion is “nothing but” a survival behaviour of human species
• God “exists” only in the brain

30

Karl Barth

• Neo-orthodox Christian
• Religion is based on the Bible only
• It is impossible for science and religion to conflict