Miltex Video Flashcards Preview

Surgery & Anaesthesia - NSULA Vet Tech Program Spring 2016 > Miltex Video > Flashcards

Flashcards in Miltex Video Deck (19):
1

Define disinfected.

most bacteria has been killed

2

Define sterilized.

no microorganisms remain

3

What type of cleaning is preferred for surgical instruments?

ultrasonic cleaning

4

What consideration must be taken when using an ultrasonic cleaner?

never put dissimilar metals in an ultrasonic cleaner

5

What consideration should be taken when cleaning delicate instruments?

delicate instruments should be cleaned by hand

6

What may happen when a high pH detergent is used to clean instruments?

staining can occur during the autoclave process

7

What may happen when a low pH detergent is used to clean instruments?

staining and pitting may occur

8

What should never be used to clean surgical instruments?

steel wool or abrasives

9

What pH should detergents used to clean surgical instruments be?

near neutral pH

10

How should hinges and metal on metal surfaces be treated?

lubricate with a steam permeable lubricant

11

What are three methods to sterilize surgical instruments?

autoclave, dry heat, ethylane oxide gas

cold sterilization is not recommended

12

What steps should be taken before autoclaving surgical instruments?

separate dissimilar metals, unlock any locking instruments

13

What type of water should be used in the autoclave?

only distilled and deionized water should be used

14

What causes orange brown staining without pitting?

improper detergent pH

15

What causes dark brown staining?

dried blood

16

What causes black staining?

acid reaction in the autoclave - very bad

17

Can brown staining be rust?

rust is rare in surgical stainless steel

18

What causes bluish black staining?

dissimilar metals being autoclaved together

19

What causes multicolor staining?

excessive heat in the autoclave