Final Exam Calculation Review Material Flashcards Preview

Surgery & Anaesthesia - NSULA Vet Tech Program Spring 2016 > Final Exam Calculation Review Material > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam Calculation Review Material Deck (44):
1

How long should food/water be withheld in adult dogs/cats?

12 hours food, 2 hours water

2

How long should food/water be withheld in puppies/kittens

short to no fast

3

How long should food/water be withheld in horses?

4-8 hours, do not withhold water

4

How long should food/water be withheld in adult pigs?

8-12 hours

5

How long should food/water be withheld in neonate pigs?

1-3 hours, do not withhold water

6

How long should food/water be withheld in large ruminants?

12-36 hours food, 8-12 hours water

7

How long should food/water be withheld in small ruminants?

12-24 hours food, do not withhold water

8

How long should food/water be withheld in calves, lambs and kids?

2-4 hours

9

What four vessels are used for IV anesthesia in the dog and cat?

cephalic, jugular, saphenous/femoral

10

What vessel is used for IV anesthesia in the horse, cow, goat and sheep?

jugular

11

What vein is uncommonly used in the cow for IV anesthesia?

coccygeal vein

12

What route is used for IV catheteriation of the dog?

cephalic, jugular, saphenous vein

13

What route is used for IV catheterization of the cat?

cephalic, jugular, femoral vein

14

What route is used for IV catheterization of the horse, cow and sheep?

jugular vein

15

What route is used for IV catheterization of the pig?

ear veins

16

What route is used for IV cathaterization of the rabbit?

ear veins

17

What route is used for IV catheterization of neonates?

medullary cavity

18

What is the MAINTENANCE fluid administration for a dog?

2 mL/kg/hour

19

What is the MAINTAINANCE fluid administration rate for small dogs and cats?

4 mL/kg/hour

20

What is the general MAINTAINENCE rate for hospitalized patients?

30-45 ml/lb/24 hours

21

What is the formula for calculating an animal's dehydration deficit.

% dehydration x weight in kg x 1000 = mL deficit

22

How should an animal's dehydration deficit be replaced?

1/2 over 4-8 hours, the remainder over the rest of the 24 hour period

23

What is the most common fluid administration rate for an animal under anesthesia?

5ml/lb/hour

24

How much fluid should be administered to replace blood loss?

3mL fluid/1 mL b \ood loss

25

How is the total blood volume of an animal calculated?

40 mL/lb

26

When is a blood transfusion indicated?

if > 30% blood volume is lost acutely or if PCV >15% in cases of chronic anemia

27

How much blood should be adminstered to replace blood lost?

1 mL blood per mL lost acutely

28

How much blood does it take to raise a patient's PCV by 1%?

1 mL per pound whole blood if donor PCV is 40%

29

How much blood does one 3x3 gauze sponge hold?

5-6ml

30

What is the rapid rehydration fluid administration rate for healthy dogs?

40 ml/kg for 1 hour with 1/2 in the first 15 minutes

31

What is the rapid rehydration fluid administration rate for cats?

20 mL/kg for 1 hour

32

What is the shock therapy fluid administration rate for dogs?

UP TO 90 mL/kg/hour max

33

What is the shock therapy fluid administration rate for cats?

50-70 mL/kg/hour

34

What is the dosage for acepromazine in the dog?

0.05 mg/lb

35

What is the maximum dose of acepromazine in the dog given IM?

0.4 mL

36

What is the maximum dosage of acepromazine in the dog given IV?

0.2 mL IV

37

What is the maximum dosage of acepromaine in the dog in mg?

4 mg

38

What is the dosage of acepromazine in the cat?

0.1 mg/lb

39

What is the dosage range of acepromazine in the horse?

0.01-0.04 mg/lb

40

What is the dosage range of acepromazine in the cow?

0.02-0.04 mg/lb

41

What is the dosage range of ketamine in the cat when given IM or SQ?

2-15 mg/lb

42

What is the dosage range of ketamine in the cat when given IV?

5 mg/lb

43

What is the dosage of telazol in the dog when given IV?

1mL/100 lb body weight

44

What is the dosage of telazol in the dog when given IM?

1 mL/30-45 lb body weight