Flashcards in Minimally invasive surgery Deck (15):
What are two common minimally invasive procedures?
Endoscopy + Interventional radiology
Why is MIS good for the patient?
Why is MIS good for the procedure?
Less tissue trauma
What are the downsides to MIS?
Expensive + Unable to use for everythin + Lots of training
What are the indications for using an endoscope?
ID a pathology
Evaluating a pathology
Treatment or prevention of a pathology
What are the contrindications for endoscopic use?
If increased risk to the patient
What kind of scopes are avalible?
Flexible or Rigid
Where are the flexible scopes used most in the body?
GI and Respiratory tract
Where are rigid scopes used?
Peritoneal + Pleural + Joint spaces
What is used to distend the abdominal cavity to do surgery?
Gas or FLuid
What gas is used to inflate the abdomen?
Carbon dioxide, oxygen is flammable!
Why does insufflation not need to happen in the chest?
During a thoracoscopy chest loses negative pressure and lungs collapse moving out of your way
When is fluid used?
Arthroscopy + Cystoscopy + Hysteroscopy
When is the insufflator used?