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Flashcards in Minimally invasive surgery Deck (15):
1

What are two common minimally invasive procedures?

Endoscopy + Interventional radiology

2

Why is MIS good for the patient?

Faster recovery
Improved healing
Reduced pain

3

Why is MIS good for the procedure?

Improved visibility
Less tissue trauma

4

What are the downsides to MIS?

Expensive + Unable to use for everythin + Lots of training

5

What are the indications for using an endoscope?

ID a pathology
Evaluating a pathology
Treatment or prevention of a pathology

6

What are the contrindications for endoscopic use?

If increased risk to the patient

7

What kind of scopes are avalible?

Flexible or Rigid

8

Where are the flexible scopes used most in the body?

GI and Respiratory tract

9

Where are rigid scopes used?

Peritoneal + Pleural + Joint spaces

10

What is used to distend the abdominal cavity to do surgery?

Gas or FLuid

11

What gas is used to inflate the abdomen?

Carbon dioxide, oxygen is flammable!

12

Why does insufflation not need to happen in the chest?

During a thoracoscopy chest loses negative pressure and lungs collapse moving out of your way

13

When is fluid used?

Arthroscopy + Cystoscopy + Hysteroscopy

14

When is the insufflator used?

Laproscopy

15

What is the max pressure that should be reached in a small animal?

> 15 mmHg