Flashcards in Suture and Biomaterials Deck (40):
What are the six suture characteristics to consider?
Knot strength + secruity
What is the size range of suture?
12-0 (smallest) to 7 (largest)
What is memory?
Inherent capability of suture to return to or maintain original shape
What does memory refer to?
What, besides memory, plays a role in flexibility?
Torsional stiffness + Diameter
What is the most flexible type of suture?
What is drag?
Amount of friction created as suture is pulled through the skin
What happens when a suture has high drag?
Creates more micro-trauma
What type of tissue has more drag?
What is the main reason that braided suture is coated?
To decrease capillarity
What is capillarity?
Degree to which absorbed fluid is transferred along suture
What type of suture tends to have the highest capillarity?
Do monofilament sutures have capillarity?
What types of coatings can be on suture?
Water soluble or insoluble
What does an antibacterial coating on suture do?
Creates a zone of INHIBITION around suture
What is tensile strength?
Ability of material to resist deformation and breakage
What causes a decrease in tensile strength?
As suture is absorbed/stretches
What happens to tensile strength as an incision site heals?
Decrease in tensile strength of the suture and increase in the tissue
What is relative knot security?
Strength require to break or untie a knot
What type of suture tends to have the best knot security?
What can the surgeon do to decrease the suture tensile strength?
Grab the suture with an instrument
What is elasticity?
Degree to which suture will dorm under stress or load + return to original form when load is removed
What is plasticity?
degree to which suture will deform without breaking and then maintain shape
What is pliability?
Ease of handling and ability of suture to change shape
What is creep?
Tendency of suture to slowly and permanently deform under constant stress
What defines a suture as absorbable?
loses most of its tensile strength in 60 to 90 days
What are the two kinds of natural fibers?
Silk + Catgut
What type of suture is silk?
Non-absorbable, but will degrade after 2 years
What is catgut made from?
Small intestine of submucosa of sheep
What are the benefits of chronic catgut?
How do most sutures degrade?
How does catgut degrade?
When is surgical mesh used?
Repair of slow healing tissue
What compounds are surgical mesh made from?
What does the small pore size prevent?
Ingrowth of capillaries + Fibroblasts
What does the presence of SIS make surgical mesh?
How does tissue adhesion work?
Polymerizes once it touches anions within the wound tissue
What is the proper way to place tissue adhesive?
Pinch the edges together then place the glue
What is the name of circular staples?