Flashcards in Preparation of Surgical Patient Deck (22):
Absence of pathogenic microbes on living tissue
Process of killing all microorganisms with the use of either physical or chemical agents
Chemical agent that kills pathogenic microorganisms or inhibits growth. Applied to the body
Germicidal, kills microorganisms on inanimate objects
What are the two types of antimicrobial agents?
Bacteriostatic + Bacteriocidal
Describe antimicrobial agent.
Drug used to alter activity of microbial agents in the patient
What would be considered a clean operation?
Non-traumatic wounds w/o inflammation or breaks in surgical technique
What would be considered a clean-contaminated operation?
GI/Respiratory tracts entered w/o spillage
Genitourinary/Biliary tract entered w/o infection
Might have minor break in aseptic technique
What would be considered a contaminated operation?
Major break in sterile technique
Gross spillage of GI contents
Fresh traumatic wounds
Biliary or Urinary tract when infection
What would be considered a dirty operation?
Gross infection is present at time of surgery
What are the there reasons for the a decrease resistance in infection?
What are the three factors determining whether an infection will result?
Host innate resistance
Characteristics of bacteria
Interaction between host and bacteria
What are the five alteration in blood supply?
What are the four major conditions at a surgical site that might lead to infection?
Decreased blood supply
What is the normal protocol for food removal before the surgery?
12 hours before remove food
What is the protocol for dietary restrictions in pediatric case?
remove food 4 to 6 hours before the surgery
What is the protocol about "bladder excretions" before the surgery?
Walk prior to surgery
Express after induction
Catheterize (if possible)
What is the border you should clip around incision site?
What are the characteristics of iodine compounds?
If used alone it is irritating
Skills bacteria + fungi + spores
How long do you need to leave on iodine on before it kills spores?
What are the characteristics of alcohol?
doesn't kill spores
Kills bacteria really fast