Misc Questions pt. 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Misc Questions pt. 1 Deck (27):
1

Aphasia

Loss of ability to understand or express speech, caused by brain damage

2

Apraxia

Inability to perform particular purposive actions, due to brain damage.

3

Patient in a permanent vegetative state only needs a feeding tube, why??

Because the brainstem, the center of vegetative functions (such as heart rate and rhythm, respiration, and gastrointestinal activity) is relatively intact

4

Heart failure cells are ....

Macrophages with phagocytized RBC in the alveoli. Occurs in pulmonary edema due to heart failure

5

Status asthmaticus is .......

severe asthma, not relieved by normal measure & needs hospitalization.
* There is severe acidosis & death. Treated by epinephrine

6

Nitrous oxide is safe for asthmatic patients. T/F??

True. Especially if asthma is triggered by anxiety

7

What is the greatest cause for COPD

cigarette smoking

8

Kyphosis is ......

also called roundback or Kelso's hunchback, is a condition of over-curvature of the thoracic vertebrae

9

What are the two basic problems found in emphysema?

1. Difficulty to exhale
2. Decreased gas exchange

10

Reid index is ......

ratio of mucous gland thickness: bronchial wall thickness

11

Byssinosis is

Pneumoconiosis caused by inhalation of cotton particles

12

Sarcoidosis is ...

non caseating granulomas in eyes, lymphnodes, skin, but mostly in lungs for unknown cause
* May heal on its own, or may progress to cause organ damage

13

Epidural hematoma occurs with head injury more than subdural hematoma. T/F??

False
Subdural occurs in 15% of head traumas
* Subdural hemorrhage may occur due to shearing injury, while epidural is due to tearing

14

Patients with mysthenia gravis have high risk of developing the following autoimmune disorders . .....

SLE,
Thyrotoxicosis
RA

15

Thymoma is ......, characterized by .......
and is associated with ......

tumor of the thymus
* Characterized by dyspnea (secondary to pressure on the trachea), engorgement of neck vessels (second to pressure on the SVC)
* It is associated with mysthenia gravis

16

Prostate cancer is the second most common after ....

skin cancer
* Although more common than lung cancer, mortality of prostatic cancer is less that that of the lung

17

Patient complaining of wrist drop with no radial nerve damage may suggest ......

lead poisoning

18

Charcoat triad is

clinical presentation of cholangitis
* There is right upper quadrant pain, fever, jaundice

19

Desmoid tumors are .........

Tumors originated from fibroblasts
* Some of these are aggressive (aggressive fibromatosis), but they don't metastasize

20

Brown tumors are the classic signs of ......

hyperparathyroidism (osteitis fibrosa cystica)

21

Freckles are caused by increased melanin deposition in ......

basal layer of epidermis

22

Vitiligo is caused by ......

melanocytes deficiency in the skin

23

Nevus cells are .......

variant of melanocyte (they are bigger, no dendrites, more cytoplasm with coarse granules)
* Located at the dermoepidermal junction, or the dermis

24

What is the effect of cirrhosis on estrogen metabolism??

Estrogen metabolism disturbance causes hypogonadism, amenorrhea, gynecomastia in men, spider angioma & palmar erythema

25

What is the difference between a nodule and a papule
What is the difference between a vesicle and a bulla?

* Papule is less than 1 cm in diameter, while a Nodule is more than 1 cm in diameter
* A vesicle is less than 1 cm, a bulla is more

26

Lentigo Maligna is .......

Hutchinson's freckle

27

Subdural hematoma occurs between .......

the dura & the arachnoid