Mod 4 General Pharmacology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Mod 4 General Pharmacology Deck (23):
1

Asprin and it's effects and use

-Used to reduces blood clotting and treat clots associated with heart attack.
-Chewable
-May cause allergies and have gastrointestinal bleeding.
-Carried on ambulance

2

Oral glucose and it's effect and use

-Provides sugar to those w/ an altered mental status or history of diabetes.
-Tube of gel that is placed between cheek and gum or under tongue
-Carried on ambulance

3

Epinephrine and it's effect and use (Epi-Pen, Auvi-Q, Twin Ject)

-Helps to constrict blood vessels and relax airway passage.
-Counters severe allergic reactions.
-Can cause increased heart rate and blood pressure.
-May assist w/ injection but may need to consult medical direction.
-Prescribed to patient

4

Activated Charcoal and it's effect and use

-Treats a poisoning or overdose in digestive tract. Absorbs poisons and helps them from being absorbed in body.
-Consult medical direction before use.
-Special medication.

5

Atropine

-Treats medical responders during a chemical weapons attack.
-Special medication.

6

Oxygen (O2) and it's effect and use

-Gas found in atmosphere used as a drug to treat patients w/ hypoxia or in need of oxygen.
-Carried in ambulance

7

Bronchodilator inhalers and their effect and use

-Spray device contains aerosol form of medication sprayed into airway.
-Used for asthma, ephysema, or bronchitis
-Can cause jitteriness, increased heart rate, and nervousness.
-May assist with intake.
-May need to consult w/ medical direction.
-Prescribed to patient.

8

Nitroglycerin and it's effect and use

-Helps dilate coronary vessels that supply heart muscles w/ blood.
-Spray or pill used for people w/ history of heart attack or chest pains.
-Do not ingest if taken Viagra.
-Can cause drop in blood pressure, headache.
-Can assist w/ intake may need to consult medical direction.
-Prescribed to patient.

9

Drug Names

Generic, Chemical, and brand.

10

Indication

-Signs, symptoms, or circumstances in which it is appropriate to administer drug to patient.

11

Contraindication

-Signs or symptoms in which it is not appropriate to administer medicine to a patient.

12

Side effect

-Any action of a drug other than the desired action.

13

Untoward effect

-Effects that are not only unexpected but may also be harmful to a patient.

14

Parental

-Route of medication administration that does not use the gastrointestinal tract such as an intravenous medication

15

Entreal

-Route of medication administration that uses the gastrointestinal tract such as swallowing a pill.

16

5 rights

-Do I have the right patient?
-Is it the right time to administer the medication?
-Is it the right medication?
-Is it the right dosage?
-Is it the right route of administration?

17

Routes of administration

-Oral, or swallowed
-Sublingual, or dissolved under tongue
-Inhaled or breathed into lungs
-Intanasal or sprayed into nostrils
-Intravenous or injected into vein
-Interamuscular or injected into muscles
-Subcantaneous or injected under skin
-Intraosseous or injected into bone marrow
-Endotracheal or sprayed directly into tube inserted into trachea.

18

Pharmacodynamics

-The study of medications and their effects on the body.
-Light weight people require smaller doses while heavier older people require larger dosages.

19

Naloxone (Narcan) and it's effect and use

-Antidote for narcotic drug over doses.
-Injected or sprayed
-Special medication

20

Atomizer and it's effect and use

-Device attached to end of a syringe to atomize medication.
-Turns into very fine droplets

21

3 important parts to IV (Intravenous Catheter) tubing

-Drip Chamber
-Flow regulator
-Drug or needle port (part that is inserted)

22

Steps for administration

-Inspect the fluid bag that it is right medication and not harmed.
-Select proper administration set.
-Connect the extension set to the administration set.
-Make sure flow regulator is closed
-Remove cover from port of bag and spiked end.
-Hold fluid bag higher than drip chamber
-Open flow regulator
-Turn off flow

23

The 2 ways of IV administration

-First way is through a heparin lock or a saline lock. Small cap is placed over the end of catheter and provides a port in which the medicine can be administered.
-The second way is the traditional bag above patient method. Flowing medication and fluids constantly.
-Bad flow can cause blood clot.