Module 1 Flashcards Preview

Psychiatry > Module 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Module 1 Deck (45)
Loading flashcards...
1

is the branch of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of mental illnesses

Psychiatry

2

Psychology vs Psychiatry

Psychology- Focus on normal functioning

Psychiatry- Medical orientation
- Focus is mental illness or abnormality

3

What is the primary purpose of psychiatry?

1. Diagnosis -To define and recognize illnesses
2. Treatment -To identify methods for treating them
3. Research - To develop methods for discovering their causes and implementing preventive measures

4

The brain controls

Thinking
Feeling
Behaving

5

Neuroscientific tools help us understand brain anatomy, brain chemistry, and neurophysiology.

- Computerized Tomography scan
- Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
- Positive Emission Tomograph

6

asserts that the state of health a person is a result of the interaction of biological, psychological and social factors.

Biopsychosocial Model of Health and Disease

7

- The traditional model
- Disease are caused by one or a chain of biochemical and physiological changes that can ultimately be identified and measured

Biomedical Model of Disease

8

Health is the product of the interactions among biological, psychological and social factors

Biopsychosocial Model of health and diseas

9

What are these subsystems that interact?

1. Biological
–Genetic
–Neurochemical, neuroendocrine, and psychopharmacological
–Biological rhythms
2. Psychological
–Conflicts
–Defense mechanisms
–Relationships
–Self-esteem
3. Social
–Culture
–Religion
–Socio-economic status

10

is the theoretical basis of the biopsychosocial model

Systems theory

11

- A theory of personality which states that much of our behavior is governed by unconscious forces.
- Founded by Sigmund Freud

Psychoanalysis

12

The Structure of the Mind

1. Conscious –...we are aware of
– facts about yourself
–I don’t like this movie star.

2. Preconscious - ...sometimes aware of, sometimes not
–some dark feelings in the past
–I think it may be his mustache.

3. Unconscious - ...not at all aware of
–some dark feelings about some persons
–I don’t know why. (He probably reminds you of your father who you do not like.)

13

What is the unconscious composed of?

1. Feelings we don’t understand
–Inordinate anger
–I get so angry when my boyfriend cannot give me attention. I don’t know why.

2. Fears we don’t understand.
–Phobias
–I’m scared of spiders. I don’t know why.

3. Beliefs we are not aware of.
–False beliefs
–Racial prejudice

4. Acts we are not aware of.
–Sabotaging self
–I fell asleep the night before the exams.

14

Proofs that the unconscious exists

- We are unaware of our motives.
- We cannot describe them in words but we express them in: Dreams, slips of the tongue and self-destructive behaviors

15

- Sexual or pleasure-seeking force
- Destructive or death-seeking force

Instinctual forces

16

- Are unconscious mental operations deployed to deal with anxiety.
- Are unconscious
- Can be mature or immature
- Immature defenses are seen in early stages of life; mature defenses are seen in later stages of life

Defense Mechanism

17

Psychosexual stages

1. Oral
2. Anal
3. Phallic
4. Latency
5. Genital

18

Psychosexual stages

1. Oral - 0-18 months
2. Anal - 12 months to 3 years
3. Phallic - 3 years to 6 years
4. Latency - 6 years to puberty
5. Genital - Puberty to adulthood

19

–Birth to 18 months
–Mouth
–feeding

Developmental Task
–Satisfaction of dependency needs;
–Development of trusting relationships

Oral stage

20

–Age: 18 months to 3 years
–Anus
–Bowel movement

Developmental Task
–Autonomy and control of own body

Anal stage

21

- 3-4 to 5-6 years
–Genitals
–Observation of difference between the sexes

Developmental task
–Appreciating gender differences
–development of sexual identity

Phallic stage

22

- 5-6 to puberty
–Increased socialization

Developmental Task
–Control of sexual and aggressive forces through sublimation and peer relationships

Latency stage

23

–Puberty into adulthood
–Sexual function

Developmental Task
–Establishment of personal identity

Genital stage

24

–Exclusion from consciousness of impulses, emotions, or memories that would otherwise cause distress

Example: Painful memories, such as sexual abuse are kept out of awareness

Repression

25

–Adoption of behavior opposite to behavior that would truly reflect true feelings or intentions

Example: Prudish attitudes to sex as a reaction to unacceptable sexual urges

Reaction formation

26

- Inferred when a person behaves as if unaware of something that he may reasonably be accepted to know

Example: Someone with cancer … to live normally as if …

Denial

27

- Provision of a false but acceptable explanation for behavior that has a less acceptable origin

Example: A husband may leave his wife at home because…

Rationalization

28

- Transfer of emotion from a person, object or situation which is properly associated with another source

Example: After the recent death of his wife, a man may blame the doctor for her death…

Displacement

29

–Diversion of unacceptable impulses to more acceptable outlets

Example: Turning the need to dominate others into organization of good works for charity

Sublimation

30

–Attribution to another person of thoughts or feelings similar to one’s own, thereby rendering one’s own thoughts and feelings more acceptable

Example: A person who dislikes a colleague may attribute reciprocal feelings of dislike to him…

Projection