Flashcards in Module 1 Deck (45)
is the branch of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of mental illnesses
Psychology vs Psychiatry
Psychology- Focus on normal functioning
Psychiatry- Medical orientation
- Focus is mental illness or abnormality
What is the primary purpose of psychiatry?
1. Diagnosis -To define and recognize illnesses
2. Treatment -To identify methods for treating them
3. Research - To develop methods for discovering their causes and implementing preventive measures
The brain controls
Neuroscientific tools help us understand brain anatomy, brain chemistry, and neurophysiology.
- Computerized Tomography scan
- Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
- Positive Emission Tomograph
asserts that the state of health a person is a result of the interaction of biological, psychological and social factors.
Biopsychosocial Model of Health and Disease
- The traditional model
- Disease are caused by one or a chain of biochemical and physiological changes that can ultimately be identified and measured
Biomedical Model of Disease
Health is the product of the interactions among biological, psychological and social factors
Biopsychosocial Model of health and diseas
What are these subsystems that interact?
–Neurochemical, neuroendocrine, and psychopharmacological
is the theoretical basis of the biopsychosocial model
- A theory of personality which states that much of our behavior is governed by unconscious forces.
- Founded by Sigmund Freud
The Structure of the Mind
1. Conscious –...we are aware of
– facts about yourself
–I don’t like this movie star.
2. Preconscious - ...sometimes aware of, sometimes not
–some dark feelings in the past
–I think it may be his mustache.
3. Unconscious - ...not at all aware of
–some dark feelings about some persons
–I don’t know why. (He probably reminds you of your father who you do not like.)
What is the unconscious composed of?
1. Feelings we don’t understand
–I get so angry when my boyfriend cannot give me attention. I don’t know why.
2. Fears we don’t understand.
–I’m scared of spiders. I don’t know why.
3. Beliefs we are not aware of.
4. Acts we are not aware of.
–I fell asleep the night before the exams.
Proofs that the unconscious exists
- We are unaware of our motives.
- We cannot describe them in words but we express them in: Dreams, slips of the tongue and self-destructive behaviors
- Sexual or pleasure-seeking force
- Destructive or death-seeking force
- Are unconscious mental operations deployed to deal with anxiety.
- Are unconscious
- Can be mature or immature
- Immature defenses are seen in early stages of life; mature defenses are seen in later stages of life
1. Oral - 0-18 months
2. Anal - 12 months to 3 years
3. Phallic - 3 years to 6 years
4. Latency - 6 years to puberty
5. Genital - Puberty to adulthood
–Birth to 18 months
–Satisfaction of dependency needs;
–Development of trusting relationships
–Age: 18 months to 3 years
–Autonomy and control of own body
- 3-4 to 5-6 years
–Observation of difference between the sexes
–Appreciating gender differences
–development of sexual identity
- 5-6 to puberty
–Control of sexual and aggressive forces through sublimation and peer relationships
–Puberty into adulthood
–Establishment of personal identity
–Exclusion from consciousness of impulses, emotions, or memories that would otherwise cause distress
Example: Painful memories, such as sexual abuse are kept out of awareness
–Adoption of behavior opposite to behavior that would truly reflect true feelings or intentions
Example: Prudish attitudes to sex as a reaction to unacceptable sexual urges
- Inferred when a person behaves as if unaware of something that he may reasonably be accepted to know
Example: Someone with cancer … to live normally as if …
- Provision of a false but acceptable explanation for behavior that has a less acceptable origin
Example: A husband may leave his wife at home because…
- Transfer of emotion from a person, object or situation which is properly associated with another source
Example: After the recent death of his wife, a man may blame the doctor for her death…
–Diversion of unacceptable impulses to more acceptable outlets
Example: Turning the need to dominate others into organization of good works for charity