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Flashcards in Module 5 Deck (210)
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1

Definition of “Adult”: Biological

…when we reach the age at which we can reproduce…

2

Definition of “Adult”: Legal

… when we reach the age at which the law says we can vote, get a driver’s license, marry without consent…

3

Definition of “Adult”: Social

… when we start performing adult roles…

4

Definition of “Adult”: Psychological

…when we arrive at a self-concept of being responsible for our lives, of being self-directing

5

Stages of adulthood

Early – 19 to 34
Middle - 35 to 64
Late – 65 +

6

Physical Development in Early Adulthood: Height

Height Peaks at:
Female - 18
Male - 20

7

Physical Development in Early Adulthood: Weight

Weight: 20-30

Female - 15 lbs
Male - 14 lbs

8

Physical Development in Early Adulthood:

Spinal discs settle decreasing height;
fatty tissue increases,
causing weight increase,
muscle strength decreases,
reaction time levels off,
cardiac output declines
Begins at age 10; results in difficulty in focusing on close objects

9

Physical Development in Early Adulthood: Muscle structure and internal organs

19-26 – peak
>26 – body slows down

10

Physical Development in Early Adulthood: Sensory function

- decreased eye lens flexibility;
- Female - can detect higher-pitched sounds than men

11

Physical Development in Early Adulthood: Nervous system

- continues to increase in weight
- reaches maximum potential

12

Health Concerns of Early Adults

Lifestyle choices affect the state of health in early adulthood
- Food choices
- Tobacco
- Alcohol
- Physical fitness

13

Perry’s stages of intellectual/ethical development

1. Dualism
2. Relativism
3. Commitment

14

world is viewed in polar terms

Dualism

15

- uncertainty: exists, is acceptable and Is legitimate
- Knowledge and content are relative to context

Relativism

16

- Realize need to commit to an idea
- Begins to choose commitment
- Makes commitment
- Manifests commitment

Commitment

17

Dualism

Position 1-
- The world is viewed in such polar terms:
*right vs wrong;
*we vs they;
*good vs bad;
*absolute right;
*authorities have absolute knowledge

18

Relativism

Position 2:
- uncertainty exists; poorly qualified authorities; they can learn truth for themselves

Position 3:
- diversity and uncertainty are acceptable
*because authorities don’t know answers yet;
*puzzled at what standards should be

Position 4:
- uncertainty and diversity are legitimate;
*two authorities can disagree without either of them being right or wrong

Position 5
knowledge and content are relative to the context

19

Perry’s stages of intellectual/ethical development: Position 2

- uncertainty exists;
*poorly qualified authorities;
*they can learn truth for themselves

20

Perry’s stages of intellectual/ethical development: Position 3

- diversity and uncertainty are acceptable
*because authorities don’t know answers yet;
*puzzled at what standards should be

21

Perry’s stages of intellectual/ethical development: Position 4

- uncertainty and diversity are legitimate;
*two authorities can disagree without either of them being right or wrong

22

Perry’s stages of intellectual/ethical development: Position 5

- knowledge and content are relative to the context

23

Commitment

Position 6:
- realizes need to commit to an idea or concept rather than look for an authority to follow

Position 7:
- begins to choose commitment

Position 8:
- makes commitment: explores issues of responsibility involved

Position 9:
- person’s identity affirmed through various commitments made;
- recognizes that commitments are expressed through a daily lifestyle

24

Perry’s stages of intellectual/ethical development: Position 6

- realizes need to commit to an idea or concept rather than look for an authority to follow

25

Perry’s stages of intellectual/ethical development: Position 7

- begins to choose commitment

26

Perry’s stages of intellectual/ethical development: Position 8

- makes commitment: explores issues of responsibility involved

27

Perry’s stages of intellectual/ethical development: Position 9

- person’s identity affirmed through various commitments made;
- recognizes that commitments are expressed through a daily lifestyle

28

“This is how life will be. I will fight for my values yet respect others, believe my deepest values right yet be ready to learn. I see that I shall be retracing this whole journey over and over – but, I hope wisely.”

Highest intellectual stage of development in early adulthood

29

- The young adult undergoes transformations(Gould); three developmental stages until middle age.
- The young adult matures when he realizes that some assumptions are false.

Psychosocial development in early adulthood

30

Psychosocial development in early adulthood

Stage 1 (age 17-22)
Stage 2 (age 22-28)
Stage 3 (age 28-34)