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Flashcards in Molluscs and Annelids Deck (35)
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1

Why is the Phylum Mollusca very morphologically diverse?

No constraint of body plan

2

Does Phylum Mollusca have a true coelem?

Yes

3

What organ systems does phylum mollusca have?

Gill, heart, kidneys

4

How does the external shell form on phylum mollusca?

The mantle secretes the external shell

5

What is the rasping tongue used for grazing in phylum mollusca?

The Radula

6

What does the diversity of phylum Mollusca reflect?

It reflects the various feeding strategies of the Phylum

7

What kind of embryological development does Phylum Mollusca experience?

Sprial mosaic/determinate cleavage

8

What group is Phylum Mollusca a part of?

Lophotrochozoan Protostomes
-Lophophore: feeding tentacle
-Trochophore larva: Have band of hair growing around widest part

9

What are the characteristics of the Mollusca body plan?

-Large Foot
-Radula
-Heart
-Open blood vascular system (hemocoel)
-Gills
-Coelem reduced to pericardium

10

What are the characteristics of the Mollusca digestive system?

Break-down food for delivery to bloodstream and cells
-Digestive gland: breaks down the food molecules
-Radula

11

What is the function of the Mollusca Circulatory system?

Move blood around body to deliver O2/soup molecules and remove CO2 and N waste.

12

What is the Mollusca Hemocoel? What system is it a part of?

(NOT coelom) where organs are and blood is not in vessels
-space where blood is dumped

Part of Circulatory system

13

What is the Mollusca 3-Chambered Heart? What system is it a part of?

Sucks blood from gill and pushes to body
-pushes especially to the nervous system

Part of Circulatory system

14

What is the Mollusca Pericardium? What system is it a part of?

Coelomic space around heart

Part of Circulatory system and excretory system

15

What is the function of the Mollusca Excratory system?

Removes nitrogenous wastes and excess water from body

16

What is the Mollusca Kidneys? What system is it a part of?

Uses pressure of beating heart against the pericardium to remove excess water and nitrogenous wastes

Excretory System

17

What is the function of the Mollusca Respiratory system?

Provides a surface for rapid exchange of gases between the blood supply and surrounding water
-O2 in and CO2 out

18

What is the Mollusca Gills? What system is it a part of?

Cilia move and suck in water across gills (opposite direction of blood flow - countercurrent exchange)
-epithilieal layer of gills diffuse O2 out of the H2O
-blood circulates inside of gills and absorbs O2 to be transported to rest of body

Respiratory System

19

What is the function of the Mollusca Nervous system?

Controls muscles and coordinates movement with sensory input

20

What is the Molluscan shell made of?

Mostly CaCO3
-some collagen

21

How do Molluscs reproduce?

Mostly Dioecious, some hermaphrodites
-External fertilization: trocophore larva to veliger larva
-Direct Development: develop in egg then hatch

22

What is the least derived (most close to ancestor) class of Mollusca?

Gastropoda (stomach foot) - the grazers
-Radula
-Foot
-Gill
-Shell

23

What is the 2nd least/most derived (most close to ancestor) class of Mollusca?

Bivalvia - filter feeders
-No radula, eyes or head
-Foot for burrowing or byssus thread to attach to rock
-Large Gills
-Shell completely surrounds body

24

What is the most derived (most close to ancestor) class of Mollusca?

Cephalopoda - predators
-beak replaced radula
-Foot became funnel to direct water
-Gills
-Mantle became tentacles
-Closed blood system
-shell lost or modified for buoyancy

25

Why is the Phylum Annelida not morphologically diverse?

Constrained body plan due to hydrostatic skeleton

26

What group do Phylum Annelida belong to?

Lophotrochozoan protostomes

27

Where do Phylum Annelida get their names from?

"segmented worms"
-metameric segments

28

What kind of skeleton do phylum annelida have?

hydrostatic skeleton from spetate coelomic cavities

29

How do phylum annelida move?

Bristles (chaete or setae) used to move or burrow

30

Metamerism, or segmentation, results from what?

Trochophore larva grows from the pygidium by metamere addition