Morphology Flashcards Preview

Linguistics > Morphology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Morphology Deck (30):
1

Analyse the following word morphologically:
hours

{hour} free, lexical
{-s} bound, grammatical > inflectional

2

Analyse the following word morphologically:
boredom

{bore} free, lexical
{-dom} bound, lexical > derivational

3

Analyse the following word morphologically:
interfaculty

{inter-} bound, lexical > derivational
{faculty} free, lexical

4

Analyse the following word morphologically:
looked

{look} free, lexical
{-ed} bound, grammatical > inflectional

5

Analyse the following word morphologically:
dogs

{dog} free, lexical
{-s} bound, grammatical > inflectional

6

Analyse the following word morphologically:
unfilled

{un-} bound, lexical > derivational
{fill} free, lexical
{-ed} bound, grammatical > inflexional

7

Analyse the following word morphologically:
began

{begin} free, lexical
{past tense} bound, grammatical
> portmanteau morph

8

Analyse the following word morphologically:
ungentlemanly

{un-} bound, lexical > derivational
{gentle} free, lexical
{man} free, lexical
{-ly} bound, lexical > derivational

9

Analyse the following word morphologically:
disinterestedness

{dis-} bound, lexical
{interest} free, lexical
{-ed} bound, lexical > derivational
{-ness} bound, lexical

10

Analyse the following word morphologically:
deactivators

{de-} bound, lexical
{active} free, lexical
{-ate} bound, lexical
{-or} bound, lexical
{S} bound, grammatical

11

Analyse the following word morphologically:
traditional

{tradition} free, lexical
{-al} bound, lexical

12

Analyse the following word morphologically:
closeness

{close} free, lexical
{-ness} bound, lexical

13

Analyse the following word morphologically:
fish (plural)

{fish} free, lexical
{∅} bound, grammatical

14

Analyse the following word morphologically:
bathtub

{bath} free, lexical
{tub} free, lexical

15

Analyse the following word morphologically:
machines

{machine} free, lexical
{S} bound, grammatical

16

Analyse the following word morphologically:
conditioning

{condition} free, lexical
{-ing} bound, lexical

17

Analyse the following word morphologically:
overstimulation

{over-} bound, lexical
{stimulate} free, lexical
{-ion} bound, lexical

18

Explain the difference between 'base' and 'root'

base
morpheme or combination of morphemes to which a derivational or inflectional morpheme is attached
e.g. coastline in coastlines, questionable in unquestionable

root
single morphemes that are not affixes
e.g. coast and line in coastline, question in unquestionable

19

Explain phonological conditioning

occurrence of allophone depends on preceding phoneme
> allomorphes / allophones appear based on phonetics

20

Explain lexical conditioning

occurrence of allophone as property of individual word
> whether or not a word takes {S} or one of the other options for plural

21

Explain morphological conditioning

derivational morpheme requires particular allomorph
> which allomorph is used

22

Define morpheme

smallest abstract linguistic unit that serves to carry meaning

23

Define allomorph

one of several possible phonological realizations of a morpheme

24

Explain the difference between phonological, lexical and morphological conditioning

phonological
occurrence of allophone depends on preceding phoneme

lexical
occurrence of allophone as property of individual word

morphological
derivational morpheme requires particular allomorph

25

Explain the difference between inflection and derivation

inflection
distinguishes different grammatical forms of same word
> inflectional morphemes: bound, grammatical

derivation
way of forming new words
> derivational morphemes: bound, lexical

26

Define portmanteau morph

a morph that represents two different morphemes
> began represents {begin} and {past tense}

27

Define suppletion

no formal resemblance to other forms of verb
> went represents {go} + {past tense}
> {went} => suppletion

28

Define zero-morph

“invisible” affix
> {put} + {Ø} > past tense
> {sheep} + {Ø} > plural

29

Define cranberry morpheme

also unique / blocked morpheme
> occurs only once in the language
> {cran} in cranberry
> {rasp} in raspberry
> {twi} in twilight

30

Explain the morphological difference in forming the past tense of weak and strong verbs

weak verbs
form past tense by a {D}-suffix

strong verbs
regular vowel change
> ablaut