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Flashcards in Most Common... Deck (190):
1

Primary Tumor Arising from Bone in Adults

Osteosarcoma

2

Adrenal Medullary Tumor-- Adults

Pheochromocytoma
5 P’s: ↑ Pressure, Pain (Headache), Perspiration, Palpitations, Pallor/Diaphoresis

3

Adrenal Medullary Tumor-- Children

Neuroblastoma

4

Agent of Severe Viral Encephalitis

Herpes Simplex

5

Aggressive Lung Tumor

small cell or oat cell

6

Associated w/ Gall Stones

Adenocarcinoma

7

Bacterial Meningitis-- the Elderly

Neisseria meningitidis

8

Bacterial Meningitis -- Adults

Strep pneumonia, in young adults it's Neisseria meningitidis

9

Bacterial Meningitis -- Newborns

Group B. Strepl

10

Bacterial Meningitis-- Toddlers

Haemophilus Influenza B

11

Benign Epithelial Tumor of Oral Mucosa

Papilloma

12

Benign Fallopian Tube Tumor

Adenomatoid

13

Benign Ovarian Tumor

Mature (native) Teratoma = benign dermatoid

14

Benign tumor of soft tissue

Lipoma

15

Benign tumor of the breast, <25 yo

Fibroadenoma

16

Benign Tumor of the liver

Hemangioma

17

Benign tumor of the vulva

hidroadenoma

18

Benign uterine tumor

Leiomyoma-- estrogen sensitive, size changes during pregnancy and menopause

19

Bone Tumors

Metasteses from Breast & Prostate

20

Brain tumor- childr

Medulloblastoma (cerebellum)

21

Brain tumor -- adult

astrocytoma (including glioblastoma multiforme), then: meningioma, mets, Schwannoma

22

Breast Carcinoma

Invasive Ductal Carcinoma

23

Breast Mass

fibrocystic change in premenopausal women, carcinoma in post-menopausal

24

Bug in acute endocarditis

Staph aureus

25

Bug in debilitated, hospital-aquired pneumonia pt

Klebsiella

26

Bug in epiglottitis

Heamophilus infuenza B

27

Bug in GI tract

Bacteroides, 2nd MC is ecoli

28

Bug in IV drug user bacteremia/pneumonia

Staph aureas (also in acute endocarditis)

29

Bug in PID

Gonnorrhoeae

30

Bug in subacute endocarditis

Strep Viridans

31

CA of urinary collecting system

Transitional cell carcinoma
-- assoc. w/ benzidine; βnaphthylamine; analine dyes; long term txt w/
cyclophosphamide

32

Primary Cardiac Tumor - Adults

Myxoma, "ball valve"

33

Primary cardiac tumor- children

Rhabdomyoma-- associated w Tuberous Sclerosis

34

Cardiac tumor- Adults

metasteses

35

Cardiomyopathy

Dilated (congestive) cardiomyopathy: alcohol, BeriBeri, cocaine use, coxsackie B, doxorubicin, systolic dysfct

36

Cause of secondary HTN

Renal disease

37

Cause of Addison's

Autoimmune (second is infection)

38

Cause of breast lumps

CA of the breast....doesn't this depend on population?

39

Cause of chronic endometriosis

TB...WHAT??

40

Cause of congenital adrenal hyperplasia

21-hydroxylase deficiency...NaCl lost and hypotension, then 11-NaCl retention and HTN

41

Cause of Cushing's

Exogenous steroid therapy (then primacy ACTH, adrenal adenoma, ectopic ACTH)

42

Cause of death in Alzheimer Pt.s

Pneumonia

43

Cause of death in Diabetics

MI

44

Cause of death in premature infants

neonatal respiratory distress syndome (NRDS) = hyaline membrane disease

45

Cause of death in SLE patients

Lupus nephropathy type IV (diffuse proliferative)= Renal disease

46

Cause of Dementia

Alzheimers
2nd most common: multi- infarct dementia

47

Cause of dwarfism

achondroplasia

48

Cause of food poisoning

Staph Aureus

49

Cause of hematosalpynga

ectopic pregnancy

50

Cause of hypoparathyroidism

Thryroidectomy

51

Cause of hypothyroidism

corrective surgery I31 tx

52

Cause of kidney infections

E. coli

53

Cause of liver disease in the U.S.

alcohol consumption

54

Cause of malignancy in children

Acute leukemia

55

Cause of genetic MR

Down Syndrome

56

Cause of heritable MR

Fragile X

57

Cause of MR

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (?)

58

Cause of NaCl loss & hypotension

21-hydroxylase deficiency

59

Cause of PID

N. ghonorrhea

60

Cause of portal cirrhosis

alcohol

61

Cause of preventable blindness

Chlamydia (serotypes A,B,Ba,C)

62

Cause of Pulmonary HTN

COPD

63

Cause of SIADH

small cell carcinoma of the lung

64

Cause of UT obstruction in men

BPH

65

Cause of pernicious anemia

chronic atrophic gastritis... no production of intrinsic factor

66

Chromosomal Disorder

Down Syndrome

67

Common tumor of the appendix

Carcinoid tumor: flushing, diarrhea, bronchopsasm, right heart valvular lesions,
Tx: methysergide (5HT antagonist)

68

Congenital cardiac anomaly

VSD (membranous > muscular)

69

Congenital early cyanosis

Tetrology of Fallot (a R--> L shunt)

70

Coronary Artery Thrombosis

LAD artery: MI

71

Demyelinating Disease

Multiple Sclerosis
- Charcot triad: nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech
- Periventricular plaques w/ dec. oligodendrocytes
-Inc IgG in CSF, Optic neuritis, MLF sx (internuclear opthalmoplegia, bladder incontinence?)

72

Dental Tumor

Odontoma

73

Dietary deficiency

Iron

74

Disease of the breast

Fibrocystic change

75

Disseminated opportunistic infection in AIDS

CMV (PCP is most common OI overall)

76

Esophageal cancer

SCCA

77

Fallopian Tube Malignancy

Adenocarcinoma

78

Fatal genetic defect in caucasians

Cystic Fibrosis (chromosome 7q)

79

Female Tumor

Leiomyoma (fibroids)

80

Form of Amyloidosis

Immunologic
-- Bence Jones protein in multiple myeloma is also called the Amyloid Light Chain)

81

Form of Tularemia

Ulceroglandular

82

Germ cell tumor of the testes

Seminoma (analogous to dysgerminoma of ovaries)

83

Gynecological Malignancy

Endometrial carcinoma

84

Gynecological finding

Endometrial CA ---> check source on this. questionable

85

Heart Murmur

Mitral valve prolapse

86

Hear valve in bacterial endocarditis

mitral

87

Heart valve in bacterial endocarditis in IVDA

Tricuspid....staph A most common bug

88

Heart valve involved in Rheumatic Fever

Mitral, then aortic

89

Hereditary bleeding disorder

Von Willebrand's Disease

90

Hormone secreted in pituitary adenoma

Prolactin (thus called prolactinoma)

91

Inherited disease of the kidney

Adult polycystic kidney disease: associated with polycystic liver, Berry aneurysms, mitral prolapse
-APD1-- chromosome 16

92

Intracranial tumor in adults

Glioblastoma multiforme (grade IV astrocytoma)

93

Islet Tumor

Insulinoma= beta cell tumor

94

Liver primary tumor

Hepatoma

95

Liver Disease

Alcoholic liver disease

96

Location of adenocarcinoma of the pancreas

Head (99%)

97

Location of adult brain tumors

Supratentorial

98

Location of childhood brain tumors

Infratentorial

99

Lung tumor--malignant or benign?

Malignant

100

Lung tumor-- primary or secondary?

Secondary

101

Lysosomal storage disease

Gaucher's disease

102

Malignancy in women

Lung, breast is second --besides basal cell carcinoma

103

Malignancy of the pharynx

Glottic CA (squamous cell)

104

Malignancy of the small intestine

Adenocarcinoma

105

Malignancy of the vulva

Squamous cell CA

106

Malignant eye tumor in kids

Retinoblastoma

107

Malignant tumor of the liver

Hepatocellular CA

108

Motor Neuron Disease

ALS

109

Muscular Dystrophy

Duchenne's: dystrophin deletion. Presents <5 yoa w/ weakness at pelvic girdles w/ upward progression

110

Nasal Tumor

Squamous cell CA

111

Neoplasm-- Child

Leukemia

112

2nd MC Neoplasm -- Child

Medulloblastoma of brain (cerebellum)

113

Neoplasm of the West

Adeno CA of the rectum and/or colon (what?)

114

Neoplastic polyp

Tubular adenoma

115

Nephrotic syndrome in adults

Membranous glomerularnephritis

116

Nephrotic syndrome in children

Minimal change disease (lipoid nephrosis)
--responds well to steroids

117

Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma

Follicular small clear cell

118

Cause of death in women annually

Lung CA

119

Skin tumor

Basal cell CA

120

Opportunistic infection in AIDS

PCP

121

Ovarian Malignancy

Serous cystadenocarcinoma

122

Ovarian tumor

Hamartoma

123

Pancreatic Tumor

Adeno -- usually in the head

124

Patient with : ALL/CLL/AML/CML

ALL -- child/CLL- adult over 60/ AML - adult over 60/ CML- Adult 30-50

125

Patient with Goodpasture's

Young male

126

Patient with Reiter's

male (reactive arthritis)

127

Pituitary tumor

Prolactinoma
2nd MC is somatotrophic "acidophilic" adenoma

128

Place for primary squamous cell Ca of esophagus

Mid 1/3

129

Place for peptic ulcer disease

Lesser curvature of antrum-- associated w blood group O

130

Primary benign salivary tumor

Pleomorphic adenoma (mixed) -- 90% localized to the parotid

131

Primary hyperparathyroidism

Adenomas
2nd: hyperplasia, 3rd: carcinoma

132

Primary malignancy of bone

Osteosarcoma

133

Primary malignancy of small intestine

Lymphoma

134

Pt w Hodgkins

young male (except nodular sclerosing type--females)

135

Pt w minimal change disease

Young child

136

Renal malignancy

Renal cell CA

137

Renal malignancy of early childhood

Wilm's tumor (neuroblastoma)-- chromosome 11p

138

Salivary tumor

Pleomorphic adenoma

139

Secondary hyperparathyroidism

Hypocalcemia of CRF

140

Sexually Transmitted Disease

Chlamydia (serotypes D-K)

141

Site of diverticula

Sigmoid colon

142

Site of embolic occlusion

Middle cerebal artery
--contralateral paralysis, aphasias, motor & sensory loss

143

Site of metastasis

regional lymph nodes

144

2nd MC site of mets

Liver

145

Sites of atherosclerosis

abdominal aorta > coronary >popliteal > carotid

146

Skin CA of fair skinned people

Malignant melanoma

147

Skin cancer

Basal cell CA

148

Small intestine congenital anomaly

Meckel's diverticulum

149

Stomach cancer

Adeno -- assoc. w/ blood group A

150

Testicular tumor

Seminoma= malignant painless testes growth

151

Thyroid anomaly

Thyroglossal duct cyst

152

Thyroid CA

Papillary Ca

153

Tracheosophageal Fistula

Lower esophagus joins trachea/upper esophagus- blind pouch- polyhydramnios association

154

Tumor in men <20

germ cell tumor

155

Tumor of infancy

Benign vascular tumor = port wine hemangioima

156

Tumor of the stomach >50 years of age

Ca of stomach (adenocarcinoma)

157

Type of Hodgkin's

Nodular Sclerosing **

158

Type of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Follicular, small cleaved

159

Type of portal cirrhosis

micronodular

160

type of soft tissue tumor of childhood

Rhabdomyosarcoma

161

Vasculitis (of medium and small vessels)

Temporal arteritis (branch of carotid artery)

162

Viral encephalitis

HSV

163

Worm infection in U.S.

Pinworm
2nd is Ascaris lumbricoides (giant round worm)

164

Worst prognosis in thyroid cancer

Follicular CA

165

Cause of lobar pneumonia

Strep. pneumoniae

166

Cause of death between 24-44 yoa

AIDS

167

cause of pneumonia in CF

Pseudomonas

168

Cause of osteomyelitis in IVDA

Pseudomonas

169

Cause of infection in burn pt.s

Pseudomonas

170

Psychiatric problem in males

specific phobia

171

Intelligence test

Stanford Binet (age 6 and under)
WIPSE 4-6
WISK-R 6-17
WAIS-R older than 17

172

Paraphilia

Pedophilia

173

Metabolite see w/ pheochromocytoma

VMA: vanillylmandelic acid (an NE metabolite)

174

Severe Shigella

Dysenteriae

175

Bug in otitis media & sinusitis in kids

Strep. pneumoniae

176

Cause of solitary brain abcess

Actinomyces israelli

177

Cause of bacterial diarrhea in U.S.

campylobacter jejuni

178

Shigella Type

Shigella sonnei

179

Cause of non-ghonococcal urethritis

Chlamydia trichomonas

180

Pneumonia

Strep. pneumoniae -- community acquired?

181

Urethritis

Neisseria ghonorrhea

182

Cause of glomerulonephritis

IgA Nephropathy= Berger's Disease

183

Cause of Viral Pneumonia

RSV- infants
Parainfluenza-- kids
Influenza virus-- adults
Adeno virus-- military recruits

184

Complication of COPD

Pulmonary infections

185

Cause of death w/ SLE

Renal Failure

186

Atrial Septal Defect

Ostium secundum type

187

Warm Antibody

Most common form of immune hemolytic anemia
IgG auto-antibodies to RBCs
See spherocytosis;(+) Coomb's test; complication to CLL

188

Immunodeficiency

IgA deficiency

189

Congenital GIT Anomaly

Meckel's diverticulum: persistence of vitelline duct/yolk sac stalk

190

Cause of congenital malformation

Fetal Alcohol syndrome