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Flashcards in Murmurs Deck (10):
1

Murmur heard in early diastole in aortic area. Best heard on end-expiration. Radiates to 4th intercostal space

Aortic regurgitation

2

Ejection systolic murmur, heard in the aortic area, radiates to the carotids

Aortic stenosis

3

Pansystolic, tricuspid area, radiating to 4th intercostal space

Tricuspid regurgitation

4

Pansystolic, mitral area, radiating to axilla

Mitral regurgitation

5

Mid diastolic, mitral area, radiating to axilla

Mitral stenosis

6

When would you hear a late systolic murmur?

In mitral valve prolapse
In coarctation of the aorta

7

A mid-diastolic murmur at the apex, enhanced when the patient lies in the left lateral position

Mitral stenosis

8

Marfan's syndrome and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome are associated with which murmur?

Mitral regurgitation

9

A 35-year-old lady presents to cardiology for investigation of a pansystolic murmur. She has hypermobility of large and small joints bilaterally and marked striae on her abdomen and chest.

Mitral regurgitation

Widespread joint hypermobility along with skin changes indicated by striae should make you think of a collagen disorder - these findings are commonly present in Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.

10

Mid-systolic murmur, heard best over the back?

coarctation of the aorta