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Flashcards in Musculoskeletal Assessment Deck (30):
1

What is bone made up of?

living structure made up of tough organic matrix strengthened by deposits of calcium phosphate

2

What are the two types of bones?

Compact: forms the shaft and outer layer
Cancellous bone: makes up the ends and the center

3

What are the different types of muscles?

cardiac, smooth or skeletal

4

What do skeletal muscles consist of?

Fibers bound together in bundles and attached to bone by tendons

5

Cartilage

Allows bones to slide over one another, reduces friction, prevents damage, absorbs shock

6

Tendons

connects muscles to bones

7

Ligaments

connect bone bone to stabilize joints and limit movement

8

Bursae

fluid filled sacs in the area of friction to cushion bones or ligaments that might rub together

9

Meniscus

cartilage disc between bone to absorb shock and cushion joints

10

Fascia

flat sheets that line and protect muscle fibers, attach muscle to bone, provide structure for nerves, blood vessels, and lumphatics

11

Fibrous (Synarthrotic) joint

immovable, such as sutures in the skull

12

Cartilaginous (amphiarthrotic) joint

slightly moveable, such as the costal cartilage between the sternum and the ribs

13

Synovial joint

freely moveable, ball and socket, hinge, pivot, condyloid, saddle, gliding

14

Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ)

where the mandible and temporal bone and articulate

15

Flexion

decreases the angle between bones or brings bones together

16

Extension

increases the angle to a straight line or zero degrees

17

Hyperextension

extension beyond the neutral position

18

abduction

movement of a part away from the body

19

adduction

movement of a part towards the body

20

Rotation

turning the joint around longitudinal axis

21

Circumduction

a circular motion that combines flexion, externsion, abduction, adduction

22

Inversion

turning the sole of the foot inward

23

Eversion

turning the sole of the foot outward

24

Protraction

moving a body part forward and parallel to the ground

25

Retraction

moving a body part backward and parallel to the ground

26

Elevation

moving a body part upward

27

Depression

Moving a body part downward

28

Opposition

moving the thumb to touch the little finger

29

The scapula and clavicle connect to form the?

Shoulder girdle

30

Elbow

Articulation of the humerous, radius, and ulna