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USMLE Step Two > Musculoskeletal Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Musculoskeletal Disorders Deck (120)
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1

claw hand

ulnar nerve injury

2

ape hand

median nerve injury

3

wrist drop

radial nerve injury

4

scapular winging

long thoracic nerve injury

5

unable to wipe bottom

thoracodorsal nerve injury

6

loss of forearm pronation

median nerve injury

7

cannot abduct or adduct fingers

ulnar nerve injury

8

loss of arm abduction

axillary nerve injury

9

weak lateral rotation of arm

suprasacpular nerve or axillary nerve injury

10

loss of arm and forearm flexion

musculocutaneous nerve injury

11

loss of forearm extension

radial nerve injury

12

trouble iniating arm abduction

suprascapular nerve injury

13

unable to aduct arm beyond 10 degrees

axillary nerve injury

14

unable to raise arm above horizontal

long thoracic nerve and accessory nerve injury

15

what nerve is most at risk of injury with fracture of shaft of the humerus

radial nerve

16

what nerve is most at risk of injury with fracture of surgical neck of the humerus

axillary nerve

17

what nerve is most at risk of injury with fracture of supracondyle of the humerus

median nerve

18

what nerve is most at risk of injury with fracture of medial epicondyle

ulnar nerve

19

what nerve is most at risk of injury with fracture of anterior shoulder dislocation

axillary nerve

20

what nerve is most at risk of injury with injury to the carpal tunnel

median nerve

21

most commonly injured knee ligament

medial collateral ligament

22

positive lachman test

anterior cruciate ligament

23

positive mcmurray test aids in diagnosis

meniscal tear

24

common dashboard knee injury in an MVA

PCL tear

25

classic symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome

weakness, tingling of thumb, index, and middle fingers, decreased 2-point discrimination, thenar atrophy, possible pain radiating to elbow

26

nerve injured in carpal tunnel syndrome

medial nerve

27

difference between monteggia's fracture and galeazzi's fracture

monteggia is dislocation of radial head with ulnar diaphyseal fracture and galeazzi is dislocation of distal radial ulnar joint with radial diaphyseal fracture

28

fall on outstretched arm with snuffbox tenderness

scaphoid fracture

29

anterior shoulder dislocation complication

axillary nerve/artery injury

30

fracture of fifth-metacarpal neck complication

irrigation and antibiotics (likely bite wound)