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Flashcards in My Drill Cards Deck (14):
1

Pigment dispersion syndrome risk factors? Mechanism and exam findings?

Young white male myopic eyes. The tax of high-pressure act after exercise when pigment gets rubbed off in temporarily blocked the trabecular drain. Vertical (d/t convection currents) Krukenberg spindle on posterior cornea, Iris transillumination defect, pigment in TM

2

Acute Closed angle glaucoma risk factors?

Asian, hyperope, pupil dilation like dark or stressful situations or antihistamines and cold medications

3

Retinal detachment risk factors?

Myopia (thin retina). 35% of RD are postop. Traumatic sports (boxing, football).

4

AMD risk factors?

Elderly Caucasian with positive family history for AMD. Almost always bilateral. Highly associated with smoking.

5

Red cap?

Anticholinergic

6

Green cap?

Cholinergic

7

Yellow cap? Blue cap?

Beta blockers: Yellow.
Betaxolol or levobunolol: Blue
Timolol-Dorzolamide (Cosopt): Blue/white cap Timolol-Brimonidine (Combigan): Navy cap

8

White cap?

Nonspecific

9

Purple cap?

Alpha agonist (eg brimonidine)

10

Teal cap?

Prostaglandin agonist

11

Orange cap?

Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor

12

Tan cap?

Fluoroquinolone

13

Gray cap?

NSAID

14

Pink cap?

Steroid