Haloperidol, trifluoperazine, fluphenazine, thioridazine, chlorpromazine (haloperidol + “-azines”).
Olanzapine, clozapine, quetiapine, risperidone, aripiprazole, ziprasidone. *DOC for schizophrenia
bipolar and SIADH
Brain hearing areas
Maternal imprinting: gene from mom is normally silent and Paternal gene is deleted/ mutated. Results in hyperphagia (need to restrict their food), obesity, intellectual disability, hypogonadism, and hypotonia.
25% of cases due to maternal uniparental disomy (two maternally imprinted genes are received; no paternal gene received).
Paternal imprinting: gene from dad is normally silent and Maternal gene is deleted/mutated. Results in inappropriate laughter (“happy puppet”), seizures, ataxia, and severe intellectual disability.
5% of cases due to paternal uniparental disomy (two paternally imprinted genes are received; no maternal gene received).
Guy with epigastric cramps, relieved by eating. Smokes, drinks coffee, has H. pylori. Remove H. pylori. What modification would prevent these symptoms again?
Add 1 base
Acetominophen OD causes:
Osteoporosis activity levels:
REVIEW ALL OF GLUCOSE SHIT
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MECHANISM Inhibit influenza neuraminidaserelease of progeny virus.
CLINICAL USE Treatment and prevention of both influenza A and B.
TNF-a activates IKB
IKB gets phosphorylated
NFKB to nucleus
Burkitt lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, 1° CNS lymphoma (in immunocompromised patients)
Amoxicillin, ampicillin resistance mechanism
Penicillinase in bacteria (a type of β-lactamase) cleaves β-lactam ring.
abducts arm initially (before the action of the deltoid); most common rotator cuff injury, assessed by “empty/full can” test.
All pharyngeal arch stuff
Salmonella and Shigella antibiotic effects
Salmonella: prolong infection
Shigella: shorten duration
Normal heart weight
VZV dormant on:
Giving blood to immunodeficient patients (i.e. SCID)
Irradiated packed RBCs
T cell progenitors
All values look normal... may seem ot increase.... but the point is neutrophils at low %age of lymphocytes.....
Anti-cholinesterase intoxication (i.e. pesticides). 1st step:
(can give pralidoxime after)
Most common renal malignancy of early childhood (ages 2–4). Contains embryonic glomerular structures. Presents with large, palpable, unilateral flank mass A and/or hematuria.
“Loss of function” mutations of tumor suppressor genes WT1 or WT2 on chromosome 11. May be part of Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (Wilms tumor, macroglossia, organomegaly,
hemihypertrophy) or WAGR complex: Wilms tumor, Aniridia, Genitourinary malformation, mental Retardation (intellectual disability).
pain but dont bleed
Tyrosine kinase inhibitor of BCR-ABL (Philadelphia chromosome fusion gene in CML) and c-kit (common in GI stromal tumors).
CML and GI stromal tumours
Toxicity = fluid retention