NBS Chemistry Minerals Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in NBS Chemistry Minerals Deck (30):
1

What % of calcium is present in the blood?
A. 3-5
B. 6-9
C. 9-11
D. 13-15

9-11%

2

What of the following helps to bring calcium from the gut to the blood?
A. Parathyroid hormone
B. Calcitonin
C. Vit D
D. Aldosterone

Vit D

3

What of the following helps to bring calcium from the Blood to the bone?
A. Parathyroid hormone
B. Calcitonin
C. Vit D
D. Aldosterone

Calcitonin (from the thyroid)

4

What of the following helps to bring calcium from the Bone to the blood?
A. Parathyroid hormone
B. Calcitonin
C. Vit D
D. Aldosterone

PTH

5

Toxicity of Calcium may lead to:
A. Increased muscle tone
B. bone loss
C. cardiac arrest
D. Decrease muscle tone

Decreased muscle tone

6

Which of the following would be regulated by the kidney?
A. Chlorine
B. Magnesium
C. Calcium
D. Phosphorus

Phosphorus

7

Toxicity of ________ leads to bone loss.
A. Chlorine
B. Magnesium
C. Calcium
D. Phosphorus
E. Potassium

Phosphorus

8

Which of the following is a cofactor for kinase?
A. Chlorine
B. Magnesium
C. Calcium
D. Phosphorus

magnesium

9

Which of the following helps with acid-base in blood?
A. Chlorine
B. Magnesium
C. Calcium
D. Phosphorus

Chlorine

10

Sodium (Na) and Potassium (K) are regulated by:
A. Calcitonin
B. angiotenis II
C. Aldosterone
D. PTH

Aldosterone

11

T/F: A toxic level of potassium could lead to cardiac arrest

True

12

T/F: Hypernatremia leads to confusion and coma

False
HYPOnatremia

13

Deficiency of which macromineral could lead to tetany?
A. Phosphorus
B. Calcium
C. Potassium
D. Sodium

Calcium

14

Toxicity of which macromineral could lead to neuronal symptoms similar to parkinsons disease?
A. Phosphorus
B. Calcium
C. Magnesium
D. Sodium

Magnesium

15

Which micromineral functions to transport glucose?
A. Selenium
B. Chromium
C. Colbalt
D. Copper

Chromium

16

A deficiency of which micromineral could lead to pernicous anemia?
A. Selenium
B. Chromium
C. Colbalt
D. Copper

Cobalt

think B12 also

17

This micromineral is transported by albumin and helps with melanin formation?
A. Flourine
B. Manganese
C. Copper
D. Iron

Copper

18

A deficiency in copper (cu) would be associated with:
A. Menkes syndrome
B. Hypochromic anemia
C. Cardiomyopathy
D. Cretinism

Menkes syndrome

19

A deficiency in selenium would be associated with:
A. Menkes syndrome
B. Hypochromic anemia
C. Cardiomyopathy
D. Cretinism

cardiomyopathy

20

This micromineral is transported as transferrin and stored as ferritin:
A. Co
B. Cu
C. Cr
D. Fe

Iron (fe)

21

This micromineral is part of thyroxine and is stored as thyroglobulin in the thyroid:
A. Copper
B. Iodine
C. Flourine
D. Iron

Iodine

think thyroid with iodine

22

If you had a goiter or myxedema, you probably would be an adult with a deficiency in:
A. Copper
B. Iodine
C. Flourine
D. Iron

Iodine

*children= cretinism

23

Which of the following is a cofactor carbonic anhydrase?
A. Manganese
B. Zinc
C. Selenium
D. Magnesium

Zinc

24

Which of the following is a cofactor glutathione peroxidase?
A. Manganese
B. Zinc
C. Selenium
D. Magnesium

Selenium

25

An excess amount of this micromineral can lead to mottled teeth?
A. Fluorine
B. Zince
C. Iron
D. Copper

A
Fluorine

26

A deficiency in iron could lead to which type of anemia?
A. Hyperchromic macrocytic anemia
B. Hyperchromic microcytic anemia
C. Hyperchromic macrocytic anemia
D. Hypochromic microcytic anemia

D
HYPOchromic microcytic anemia

27

Which of the following is a cofactor for decarboxylase?
A. Manganese
B. Zinc
C. Selenium
D. Iron

Manganese

28

This micromineral can help with ligamentous healing?
A. Manganese
B. Zinc
C. Selenium
D. Iron

Manganese

29

Selenium is acts synergistically with:
A. Vit D
B. Vit A
C. Vit E
D. Vit K

Vit E

Tocopherol

30

Pumpkin seeds are a good source of?
A. Manganese
B. Zinc
C. Selenium
D. Iron

Zinc