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Flashcards in NBS Physiology- Renal Deck (50):
1

Blood flow starts with the renal artery continuing to the ________ artery -> _________ artery->_______ artery-> afferent arteriole -> Glomerulus -> efferent arteriole -> Peritubular capillaries -> ________ -> _________ vein-> _________vein -> ___________ vein-> renal vein -> IVC

Interlobar A
Arcuate A
Interlobular A

Venules
Interlobular V
Arcuate V
Interlobar v


* notice the differnce btwn interlobular and interlobar

2

What is the first place urine reaches on its way out?
A. Calyx
B. Collecting Duct
C. Bladder
D. Urethra

B
Collecting Duct

3

After the collecting duct where does urine go next?
A. Bladder
B. Urethra
C. Calyx
D. Renal Pelvis

C
Calyx

4

Which of the following correctly describes urine flow?
A. Collecting duct, calyx, renal pelvis, urethra, bladder, ureter

B. Collecting duct, renal pelvis, calyx, ureter, bladder, urethra

C. Collecting duct, calyx, renal pelvis, ureter, bladder urethra

D. Urethra, bladder, ureter, renal pelvis, collecting duct, calyx

C

CCR UBU

5

The Trigone is part of the:
A. Lungs
B. Urethra
C. Bladder
D. Pancreas

C
Bladder

6

What is the functional unit of the kidney?
A. Nephron
B. Collecting duct
C. Capsule
D. Medulla

A
Nephron

7

Where would you find JG (juxtaglomerular) cells?
A. Liver
B. Glomerulus
C. Efferent Arteriole
D. Afferent Arteriole

D
Afferent

8

What surrounds the glomerulus?
A. Juxtaglomerulus apparatus
B. Bowmans capsule
C. Arcuate artery
D. Distal Tubule

B
Bowmans capsule

9

What part of the nephron deals with ultra filtration?
A. Proximal tubule
B. Distal tubule
C. Glomerulus
D. Collecting duct

C
Golmerulus

10

What part of the nephron deals with selective resorption AND secretion?
A. Proximal tubule
B. Distal tubule
C. Glomerulus
D. Collecting duct

B
Distal

11

What part of the nephron deals with selective resorption?
A. Proximal tubule
B. Distal tubule
C. Glomerulus
D. Collecting duct

A
Proximal tubule

12

Where does ADH help to control water resporption?
A. Collecting Duct
B. Distal Tubule
C. Bowmans capsule
D. Thick Ascending loop

A
Collecting tubule

13

Which of the following deals with NO water resorption?
A. Thick Descending loop
B. Thin Descending loop
C. Thick Ascending loop
D. Thin Ascending loop

C
Thick Ascending loop

*thin is only descending

14

Which part of the nephron deals with counter-current exchange and multiplication?
A. Juxtaglomerular apparatus
B. Loop of Henle
C. Efferent arteriole
D. Glomerulus

B
Loop of henle

15

What is the correct order of events in the kidney?
A. Medulla-> major calyx-> minor calyx-> renal pelvis-> ureter
B. Medulla-> minor calyx-> major calyx-> renal pelvis -> ureter

B

Minor before major calyx

16

Excreted urine=
A. Filtered - Reabsorbed + Secreted
B. Filtered - Reabsorbed - Secreted
C. Filtered + Reabsorbed - Secreted

A
Excreted= F - R + S

17

How many capillary bed does the nephron have?
A. 1
B. 10
C. 2
D. 4

C
2

18

Which part of the nephron deals with resorption of amino acids, glucose, sodium and Cl-?
A. Distal convoluted tubule
B. Proximal convoluted tubule
C. Collecting duct
D. Loop of Henle

B
Proximal Convulated tubule

19

What is released from Juxtaglomerular apparatus in a response to decreased pressure in the afferent arteriole?
A. Epinephrine
B. Renin
C. Vasopressin
D. ADH

B
Renin

20

Which of the following is fenestrated and helps with filtration?
A. Efferent arteriole
B. Bowmans capsule
C. Proximal tubule
D. Distal tubule

B
Bowmans capsule

21

Which of the following describes the actions of aldosterone:
A. Sodium in, potassium out
B. Sodium out, potassium out
C. Sodium out, potassium in
D. Sodium in, potassium in

A

Na in
K out

22

What form the filtration membrane?
A. Monocytes
B. Podocytes
C. Erythrocytes
D. Macula densa

B
Podocytes

23

What type of cells is the proximal convoluted tubule made up of:
A. Pseudostratified columnar
B. Striated Squamous
C. Cuboidal cells
D. Simple squamous

C
cuboidal cells

24

What should u do right now?
A. Smile
B. Smile
C. Smile
D. Smile

Smile like you just got your board grade back and passed everything with flying colors

so big and to the point ur cheeks spasm

25

What are mechanoreceptors for blood pressure entrance of afferent arteriole?
A. podocytes
B. JG cells
C. vasa recta vessels
D. muscle spindles

JG cells

26

What percentage of filtrate reabsorption is done by the end of the proxial tubule?
A. 50%
B. 80%
C. 65%
D. 99%

65%

27

Angiotensinogen is a protein made by the:
A. Adrenals
B. Liver
C. Pancrease
D. Kidney

B
Liver

28

What consists of thin walled vessles, parallel to the loop of Henle?
A. Macula Densa
B. Afferent arteriole
C. Glomerulus
D. Vasa Recta

D
vasa recta

29

In a healthy individual what is the average filtrate/day?
A. 180L
B. 80L
C. 90 L
D. 160 L

A
180 L

30

Where would Aldosterone reabsorb Na+ and secreted K+?
A. Collecting Tubule
B. Distal Tubule
C. Glomerulus
D. Proximal Tubule

B
Distal Tubule

31

What is the normal glomerular filtration rate in a healthy adult?
A. 10-15ml/min
B. 90-100ml/min
C. 110-115 ml/min
D. 120-125 ml/ml

D
120-125ml/min

32

What small polysaccharide is used to aid in renal clearance?
A. Glucose
B. Maltose
C. Inulin
D. Dextrose

C
Inulin

33

Macula Densa represents:
A. Mechanoreceptors by JG cells
B. Chemorecptors by JG cells
C. Stimulation by RBCs
D. Nociceptors by JG cells

B
Chemoreceptors by JG cells

34

Aldosterone is from the:
A. Zona Reticularis
B. Medulla
C. Zona Glomerulosa
D. Zona Fasiculata

C
Zona Glomerulosa

35

Angiotensin II would:
A. Decrease Na+ reabsorption
B. Decrease Blood pressure
C. Inhibit the aldosterone secretion
D. Constict blood vessels

D
ANG 2= vasonconstrictor= inc. BP

36

Where is Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) made:
A. Heart
B. Lung
C. Liver
D. Kidney

B
Lungs

37

What is the correct order of breakdown:
A. Angiotensin II-> Angiotensin I -> Angiotensinogen
B. Angiotensinogen-> Angiotensin I -> Angiotensin II
C. Angiotensinogen-> Angiotensin II -> Angiotensin I

B

38

Which of the following describes Respiratory acidosis?
A. Dec. pCO2, Dec pH
B. Dec. pCO2, Inc pH
C. Inc. HCO3-, Inc pH
D. Dec. HCO3-, Dec pH

A

39

Which of the following describes Respiratory alkalosis?
A. Dec. pCO2, Dec pH
B. Dec. pCO2, Inc pH
C. Inc. HCO3-, Inc pH
D. Dec. HCO3-, Dec pH

B

40

Which of the following describes metabolic acidosis?
A. Dec. pCO2, Dec pH
B. Dec. pCO2, Inc pH
C. Inc. HCO3-, Inc pH
D. Dec. HCO3-, Dec pH

D

41

Which of the following describes metabolic alkalosis?
A. Dec. pCO2, Dec pH
B. Dec. pCO2, Inc pH
C. Inc. HCO3-, Inc pH
D. Dec. HCO3-, Dec pH

C

42

Hypoventilation would lead to:
A. Metabolic Alkalosis
B. Respiratory Acidosis
C. Respiratory Alkalosis
D. Metabolic Acidosis

B
Respiratory Acidosis

HYPO=ACIDOSIS

43

Hyperventilation would lead to:
A. Metabolic Alkalosis
B. Respiratory Acidosis
C. Respiratory Alkalosis
D. Metabolic Acidosis

C
Respiratory Alkalosis

HYPER=ALKALOSIS

44

Diarrhea, ketosis and renal dysfunction would cause:
A. Metabolic Alkalosis
B. Respiratory Acidosis
C. Respiratory Alkalosis
D. Metabolic Acidosis

D
Metabolic Acidosis

45

Drugs, vomiting and diuretics would cause:
A. Metabolic Alkalosis
B. Respiratory Acidosis
C. Respiratory Alkalosis
D. Metabolic Acidosis

A
Metabolic Alkalosis

46

A compensation that would help with Respiratory Acidosis would be:
A. Respiratory: Hypoventilation
B. Renal: Dec. H+ ions, Dec. HCO3-
C. Respiratory: Hyperventilation
D. Renal: inc. H+ ions, Inc. HCO3-

D

RENAL increase increase would compensate respiratory acidosis

47

A compensation that would help with Respiratory Alkalosis would be:
A. Respiratory: Hypoventilation
B. Renal: Dec. H+ ions, Dec. HCO3-
C. Respiratory: Hyperventilation
D. Renal: inc. H+ ions, Inc. HCO3-

B

48

A compensation that would help with Metabolic acidosis would be:
A. Respiratory: Hypoventilation
B. Renal: Dec. H+ ions, Dec. HCO3-
C. Respiratory: Hyperventilation
D. Renal: inc. H+ ions, Inc. HCO3-

C

49

A compensation that would help with metabolic alkalosis would be:
A. Respiratory: Hypoventilation
B. Renal: Dec. H+ ions, Dec. HCO3-
C. Respiratory: Hyperventilation
D. Renal: inc. H+ ions, Inc. HCO3-

A

50

Angiotensin II stimulated the release of _________, which raises BP and reaborbs sodium.

Aldosterone