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Flashcards in NBS Physiology- Endocrinology Deck (37):
1

What is the anterior pituitary called?

Adenohypophysis

2

What is the posterior pituitary called?

Neurohypophysis

3

Embryological development of the Adenohypophysis began where?
A. Neurohypophysis
B. Infundibulum
C. Rathke's Pouch
D. Neural Ectoderm

C
Rathke's pouch

4

Embryological development of the Neurohypophysis began where?
A. Pneumotaxic center
B. Infundibulum
C. Rathke's Pouch
D. Neural Ectoderm

D
Neural Ectoderm

5

The infundibulum (stalk) is a hypothalamic connection for:
A. Adenohypophysis
B Neurohypophysis

B
Posterior pituitary

6

The Anterior and posterior pituitary glands are located on the sella turcica of which bone?
A. Ethmoid
B. Sphenoid
C. Maxillary
D. Temporal

B
Sphenoid

7

What is the connection to the hypothalamus for the adenohypophysis?
A. Hypophysial portal system
B. Sella turcica
C. infundibulum
D. Rathke's pouch

A
Hypophysial portal system

8

Which of the following are Hormones found in the posterior pituitary? pick all that apply
A. FSH
B. Oxytocin
C. Somatotropin
D. Vasopressin

B and D

9

This neurohypophysis hormone is important in the birthing process, allowing feedforward contractions of the uterus?
A. Prolactin
B. Oxytocin
C. Luteotrophic
D. FSH

B
Oxytocin

10

Which of the following is NOT a hormone associated with the anterior pituitary?
A. ACTH
B. LH
C. GH
D. ADH

D
ADH= vasopressin

11

This hormone is found controlling water balance in the Collecting duct of the nephron?
A. ACTH
B. LH
C. GH
D. ADH

D
ADH

12

Somatotropin is another name for:
A. Luteinizing hormone
B. Follicle stimulating hormone
C. Growth Hormone
D. Prolactin

C
GH

13

What is another name for Luteotrophic?
A. Thyrotrophic Stimulating hormone
B. Prolactin
C. Follicle stimualting hormone
D. Oxytocin

B
Prolactin

14

Suckling would initiate release of this hormone from where?
A. Prolactin, Ant. Pit
B. Oxytocin, Post. Pit
C. Oxytocin, Ant. Pit
D. Prolactin, Post. Pit

B
Oxytocin and Posterior Pituitary

15

What class of hormones are in the pituitary glands?
A. Glycosidic
B. Peptide
C. Steroid

B
Peptide hormones

16

Which peripheral organ targets the liver and helps to regulate blood sugar levels?
A. Adrenal medulla
B. Pancreas
C. Thyroid
D. Adrenal Cortex

B
Pancreas

17

The pancreatic head releases:
A. Enzymes
B. Steroid hormones
C. Glucagon
D. Insulin

A
Enzymes

18

Which pancreatic tail hormone helps to decrease blood glucose levels?
A. Beta-glucagon
B. Alpha- glucagon
C. Beta- insulin
D. Alpha- insulin

C
Beta cells of the pancrease release insulin in response to high blood sugar levels

19

Where is glucagon released from?
A. Alpha cells of the pancreatic head
B. Beta cells of the pancreatic head
C. Alpha cells of the pancreatic tail
D. Beta cells of the pancreatic tail

C
Alpha of tail= Glucagon

20

This helps calcium to the blood from the stomach?
A. Parathyroid hormone
B. Vitamin A
C. Vitamin D
D. Aldosterone

C
Vitamin D

21

Which of the following would pull calcium out of the bone to help raise blood calcium levels?
A. Calitonin
B. Vitamin D
C. Parathyroid hormone
D. Thyroxine

C
PTH

22

Which of the following peripheral organs released calcotonin?
A. Zona Reticularis
B. Adrenal Cortex
C. Pancreas
D. Thyroid

D
Thyroid

23

What is the function of calcitonin?
A. Pushes calcium into bone
B. Increased blood calcium levels
C. Decreases blood glucose levels
D. Pull Calcium out of bone

A
Pushes calcium into bone

24

Calcitonin is secreted from____________:
A. Parafollicular cells
B. Chromaffin cells
C. Zona Glomerulus
D. Pneumoncytes

A
Parafollicular cells

25

T3 and T4 are released from ________.
A. Chromaffin cells
B. Parafollicular cells
C. Follicular cells
D. Adrenal Medulla

C
Follicular cells

26

Which of the following is a mineralcorticoid:
A. Aldosterone
B. Epinephrine
C. Testosterone
D. Cortisol

A
Aldosterone

27

The zona glomerulus releases what type of hormones?
A. Androgens
B. Glucocorticoids
C. Growth Hormones
D. Mineralcorticoids

D
Mineralcorticoids= aka aldosterone

SALTY

28

Which of the following release androgens like testosteone?
A. Zona Reticularis
B. Zona Fasiculata
C. Zona Glomerulus

A
Zona Reticularis= androgens

SEX

29

This part of the adrenal cortex helps regulate blood sugar by secreting glucocorticoids like cortisol?
A. Zona Reticularis
B. Zona Fasiculata
C. Zona Glomerulus

B
Zona Fasticulata

SWEET

30

What would the function of the zona glomerulus be?
A. Fight or Flight
B. Regulates blood glucose
C. Regulates Salt balance
D. Development of secondary sexual characteristics

C
via aldosterone

31

What is the target for the zona reticularis?
A. Kidney
B. Bone
C. Hair follicles
D. Liver

C
Hair follicles

SEXY means hair chest like real man

32

Epinephrine and Norepinephrine are made by ________ cells in the medulla.
A. Chromaffin
B. Follicular
C. Parafollicular

Chromaffin

33

The Response of the adrenal medulla would:
A. Increase HR
B. Increase BP
C. Increase Blood glucose
D. All of the Above

D
ALL

Fight or Fight

34

The effect of the Zona Fasiculata would be:
A. Hair growth
B. Fight or Flight
C. Reabsorb Na+ and secrete K+
D. Increase Blood Glucose

D

Sweet via glucocorticoids

35

The effect of the Zona Reticularis would be:
A. Hair growth
B. Fight or Flight
C. Reabsorb Na+ and secrete K+
D. Increase Blood Glucose

A
Hair growth

36

The effect of the Zona Glomerulus would be:
A. Hair growth
B. Fight or Flight
C. Reabsorb Na+ and secrete K+
D. Increase Blood Glucose

C
Via Aldosterone

37

Which hormone targets the bone?
A. Cortisol
B. Insulin
C. PTH
D. Epinephrine

PTH
Parathyroid- pulls calcium out of bone
increasing blood calcium levels