NBS Chemistry Amino Acids and Proteins Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in NBS Chemistry Amino Acids and Proteins Deck (38):
1

What is the acronym for your essential AAs?

PVT TiM HALL

2

What AA of the aromatic ring would help with depression?
A. Phenylalanine
B. Tryptophan
C. Tyrosine

Tyrosine

3

Which of the following is not one of the 3 basic amino acids?
A. Histidine
B. Threonine
C. Arginine
D. Lysine

Threonine

4

Which of the following are the sulfur containing AAs?
A. Serine and Leucine
B. Leucine and lysine
C. Methionine and Cysteine
D. Glutamate and Aspartate

Methoionine and cysteine

MC- Sulfur in the house

5

Which of the following is the correct combination of the branch chained amino acids?
A. Isoleucine, Valine, Tryptophan
B. Methionine, Cysteine, Glycine
C. Glutamine, Serine, Leucine
D. Leucine, Isoleucine, Valine

Leucine, Isoleucine, Valine

LIV

6

Which 2 of the following represent your semi-essential AAs?
A. Histidine
B. Aspartate
C. Glutamate
D. Arginine

A D

Histidine and Arginine

7

Glutamate and Aspartate represent which of the following types of AA?
A. Sulfur containing
B. Aliphatic Chain Aminos
C. Acidic Aminos
D. Aromatic ring Aminos

Acidic

Glutamate and Aspartate are acidic

8

What is the most Hydrophillic Amino acid from the Aliphatic chain?
A. Glycine
B. Alanine
C. Leucine
D. Isoleucine

Isoleucine

9

What is the least Hydrophillic Amino acid from the Aliphatic chain?
A. Glycine
B. Alanine
C. Leucine
D. Isoleucine

Glycine

10

Which two amino acids are not-glucogenic?
A. isoleucine and valine
B. Leucine and lysine
C. Lysine and isoleucine
D. Valine and tryptophan

Leucine and lysine

The LLosers are not glucogenic

11

Which of the following is not an essential amino acid?
A. Phenylalanine
B. Theronine
C. Isoleucine
D. Lecuine
E. Glutamine
F. Arginine

Glutamine

12

Tryptophan is a precusor to ______ and _______?

Serotonin and NAD

13

Glutamate is a precursor to ________?

GABA

14

Glycine/arginine are precursors to _________?

Creatine

15

T/F: There digestion of amino acids in the mouth

False,
Just have ptyalin (salivary amylase) active

16

T/F: The stomach aids in digestion of Amino acids

True

17

Which of the following is NOT involved in the stomach for amio acid digestion:
A. Pepsin
B. HCL
C. Rennin
D. Trypsin

Trypsin

this is in the Small intestin

18

What component of stomach digestion is commonly developed in infancy and childhood?
A. Pepsin
B. HCL
C. Rennin
D. Trypsin

Rennin

19

Which of the following are involved with digestion of aminos in the small intestine?
A. Trypsin
B. Chymotrypsin
C. Dipeptidase
D. Amino peptidase
E. Carboxypeptidase
F. All of the above

All of the above

20

Lysine, theronine and tryptophan lack in _______?
A. Protein
B. Fatty acids
C. Grains
D. Minerals

Grains

21

What are the 3 amino acids that donate nitrogen for purines and pyrimidines?
A. Leucine, Valine, Isoleucine
B. Methionine, Cysteine, Asparagine
C. Aspartate, Asparagine, Glutamine
D. Serine, Phenylalanine, Tryptophan

C

Aspartate, Asparagine, Glutamine

ASSS ASSS GOOOD

22

During Amino acid metabolism, Ammonia is removed and carried to the urea cycle by:
A. Arginine
B. Glutamine
C. Leucine
D. Valine

Glutamine

23

What are the 6 AAs that are able to oxidize?
(GAL VIA)

Glutamine, Aspartate, Leucine, Valine, Isoleucine, Asparagine

24

Glucose-Alanine cycle has two other names, what are they?

Cori Cycle
Lactic Acic Cycle

25

During exercise muscle make ________ from glucose?
A. Lactate
B. Arginine
C. Ammonia
D. Glutamate

Lactate

FROM GLUCOSE

26

During exercise muscle make ________ from amino acids?
A. Lactate
B. Arginine
C. Ammonia
D. Glutamate

Ammonia

AMINOS- AMMONIA

27

Alanine travels back to the liver to get converted back into________ and __________?

Ammonia
Lactate

28

Ammonia becomes _______ and is excreted?

urea

29

Lactate becomes ________, used in gluconeogeneis.

Glucose

30

The Urea cycle rids the body of:
A. Lactate
B. Alanine
C. Ammonia
D. Valine

Ammonia

31

What is the key enzyme involved in the Urea cycle?
A. Lipase
B. Carbamoyl phosphate synthetase
C. Urea synthase

B
Carbamoyl phosphate synthetase

32

What is the acronym for the important intermediates for the urea cycle?

FARCO, GA

Fumarate, ARginine, Citrulline, Ornithine, Glutamate, Asparate

33

How many Kcals/g does protein represent?

4 Kcal/g

34

If you consumed 200g of carbohydrates, how many Kcals did you eat?
A. 200
B. 600
C. 800
D. 550

800

200 x 4= 800 kcals

35

Beta sheets, beta bends and an alpha helix would all be examples of what protein structure?
A. tertiary
B. secondary
C. primary
D. quaternary

secondary

36

Proteins contain what kind of bond?
A. Glycosidic
B. Ester
C. Peptide
D. Hydrogen

Peptide

37

Hemoglobin (Hb) would be an example of which protein structure?
A. tertiary
B. secondary
C. primary
D. quaternary

Quarternary

*it have 4 chains

38

How do u get swoll?

eat protein