Flashcards in Neo Marxist Theories Deck (8):
Taylor, Walton and Young
Crime is a response to both Capitalism and labelling theory. It is a voluntary act, not determined by our place in capitalist society- many working class people do not steal so the ones that do make a choice. They also disagree that labels in society appear from nowhere. Labels are determined by our place within capitalist society. Those from working class backgrounds are stereotyped and their criminal label is imposed on them.
Hall et al
Scapegoating. In the 1970s when capitalism was in crisis, the public were beginning to doubt how successful capitalism could be. As a result, the state encouraged a moral panic about the social problems created by black muggers. This way the public scapegoated them rather than the state. The state put the problem onto black muggers.
Studied the Skinheads who faced poor job prospects and became violent towards ethnic minorities. They were territorial and the crimes they committed, in Cohen's opinion were a voluntary decision to fight capitalist inequalities.
Taylor, Walton and Young Evaluation
More contemporary than traditional Marxist theories. More believeable also- provides an explanation for the fact that some choose not to commit crime.
Hall et al Evaluation
Claims that black youths are no more criminal, but then go on to say that they are more criminal because of racism- an incredibly contradictory and therefore less believeable theory.
The Macpherson Report of Institutional Racism provides recent support that this canteen culture does exist in the police force today
Neo-Marxists have been criticised for analysing behaviours that the Skinheads themselves never articulated.