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Flashcards in Neoplasia 1 Deck (34)
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1

A swelling of any sort but modern usage equates this term with a neoplastic mass.

Tumor

2

An abnormal mass the growth of which is purposeless, autonomous

Neoplasm (from Greek “new growth”)

3

The study of neoplasms

Oncology (from Greek “mass or tumor”)

4

Synonymous with malignant neoplasm

Cancer

5

Not life threatening

Benign

6

Malignant epithelial neoplasm

CARCINOMA

7

benign Surface epithelium (non-glandular) neoplasm

papilloma

8

malignant Surface epithelium (non-glandular) neoplasm

carcinoma (squamous, basal cell, epidermoid)

9

benign Glandular neoplasm

adenoma

10

malignant Glandular neoplasm

adenocarcinoma

11

malignant Connective Tissue neoplasm

sarcoma

12

benign Fibrous neoplasm

fibroma

13

malignant Fibrous neoplasm

fibrosarcoma

14

benign Cartilage neoplasm

chondroma

15

malignant Cartilage neoplasm

chondrosarcoma

16

benign Bone neoplasm

osteoma

17

malignant Bone neoplasm

osteosarcoma

18

benign Fat neoplasm

lipoma

19

malignant Fat neoplasm

liposarcoma

20

malignant Liver neoplasm

hepatoma

21

malignant skin neoplasm

melanoma

22

malignant Lymphatics neoplasm

lymphoma

23

benign Uterine Smooth Muscle Tumors

leiomyoma

24

malignant Uterine Smooth Muscle Tumors

leiomyosarcoma

25

Tumors arising from totipotential germ cells which have the capacity to differentiate along the three germ layers:
Endoderm (e.g., gut epithelium)
Ectoderm (e.g. skin)
Mesoderm (e.g. fat)

teratoma

26

Prototype of the totipotential cell is the

zygote which gives rise to the fetus

27

Characteristics of malignant tumors

severe atypia and pleomorphism, many mitosis, increased nucleus to cytoplasm ratio, prominent nucleolus, usually abnormal ploidy

28

Level of differentiation of the tumor cells and, in some cancers, the number of mitoses or architectural features

grade

29

extent of spread of a cancer within the patient

stage

30

Abnormal transformation of a fully differentiated adult tissue of one kind into a differentiated tissue of another kind.

Metaplasia