Flashcards in Nephrology Deck (10):
What are some features of Liddle Syndrome
HTN, hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, Na+ retention, decreased renin/aldosterone (4-22)
What are some distinguishing features of Bartter and Gitelman syndrome?
Bartter's - hypercalciuria
Gitelman's - hypocalciuria; sv magnesium wasting (4-22)
What 2 dz should you r/o before dx SIADzH?
hypothyroidism and adrenal insufficiency
Treatment of central and nephrogenic DI
Central DI - mild - thiazides and salt restriction; more severe - desmopressin
Nephrogenic DI - thiazides or amiloride
Which 2 alcohol ingestions are associated with a HAGMA and high osmolar gap?
- methanol and ethylene glycol
- isopropyl alcohol is only associated with a high osmolar gap
What are some associations with type 1, 2, and 4 RTA?
Type 1 - hypercalciuria and stones; see with autoimmune dz
Type 2 - multiple myeloma
Type 4 - diabetes
What is Fanconi Syndrome?
glucosuria; amino aciduria; wasting of other solutes
What are 4 pulmonary-renal syndromes to know?
Goodpastures (anti-GBM) which has normal complement (4-44) and granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegeners) which also has normal complements are the big two. Also microscopic polyangiitis and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis
What are a couple of ways bactrim affects the kidney function?
1. It can cause AIN
2. It can cause reduced tubular secretion of creatinine so the creatinine will rise