Nephrology Flashcards Preview

MedScape > Nephrology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nephrology Deck (10):

What are some features of Liddle Syndrome

HTN, hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, Na+ retention, decreased renin/aldosterone (4-22)


What are some distinguishing features of Bartter and Gitelman syndrome?

Bartter's - hypercalciuria
Gitelman's - hypocalciuria; sv magnesium wasting (4-22)


What 2 dz should you r/o before dx SIADzH?

hypothyroidism and adrenal insufficiency


Treatment of central and nephrogenic DI

Central DI - mild - thiazides and salt restriction; more severe - desmopressin
Nephrogenic DI - thiazides or amiloride


Which 2 alcohol ingestions are associated with a HAGMA and high osmolar gap?

- methanol and ethylene glycol
- isopropyl alcohol is only associated with a high osmolar gap


What are some associations with type 1, 2, and 4 RTA?

Type 1 - hypercalciuria and stones; see with autoimmune dz
Type 2 - multiple myeloma
Type 4 - diabetes


What is Fanconi Syndrome?

glucosuria; amino aciduria; wasting of other solutes


What are 4 pulmonary-renal syndromes to know?

Goodpastures (anti-GBM) which has normal complement (4-44) and granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegeners) which also has normal complements are the big two. Also microscopic polyangiitis and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis


What are a couple of ways bactrim affects the kidney function?

1. It can cause AIN
2. It can cause reduced tubular secretion of creatinine so the creatinine will rise


What are the classic findings of HSP?

purpura (lower extremities and buttocks), abdominal pain, arthralgia