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Peds Exam 2 > Nutrition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutrition Deck (26):
1

4 components of a comprehensive nutritional assessment

history
physical exam
growth & anthropometric measurements
lab tests

2

what does anthropometric measurements include

weight
height/length
head circumference
chest circumference
BMI
mid-upper arm circumference
skin folds
plot on graph

3

what is the best indication that the child's nutrition is inadequate

weight

4

if a child measures in the very high or low percentiles what would you do as the nurse

measure a second time

5

what is the most complete diet from birth to 6 months

breast milk

6

which kind of formula is acceptable from birth to 6 months

iron fortified formula

7

solid foods should not be introduced before

4 months

8

at which age can diluted juices be introduced

6-12 months

9

at which age can solid foods be introduced

4-6 months

10

at which age can finger foods be introduced

9-10 months

11

at which age can chopped table foods be introduced

12 months

12

why are solids not introduced until 4-6 months

oral motor skills
doubled birth weight
prevent inadequate calorie intake
neurodevelopment

13

what are the first foods introduced

1. baby cereals
2. vegetables
3. fruits
4. dairy

14

what are 4 other essential nutrients for an infant

iron
vitamin D
vitamin C
fluoride

15

how many oz of milk per day does a toddler need

16-24

16

what is the caloric requirement for a toddler

100 cal/kg/day

17

what is the caloric requirement for a preschooler

90 cal/kg/day

18

what is common at 5 years old

influenced by food habits of others

19

what are food jags

child wants the same food for every meal for several days

20

what is common at 4 years old

picky eater

21

what is the caloric requirement for school age

85 cal/kg/day

22

at which age do nutritional requirements peak for girls

10-12

23

at which age do nutritional requirements peak for boys

14-16

24

adolescents have an increased need for calcium for

skeletal growth

25

adolescents have an increased need for iron for

increased muscle mass and blood cell development

26

adolescents have an increased need for zinc for

development of skeletal & muscle tissue
sexual maturation