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Flashcards in Celiac Disease Deck (21):
1

how often does this occur

1 in 3-4000

2

which age is this most commonly seen

6 mos - 2 years

3

what are the 1st common symptoms

growth failure
chronic diarrhea

4

what are some other symptoms

muscle wasting
poor appetite
lack of energy

5

what are s/s in older children

abdominal pain
nausea
constipation
short stature
anemia
pubertal delay
osteoporosis

6

what can occur if this goes untreated

celiac crisis
growth failure

7

how long after introducing grains does this occur

3-6 months

8

how does the stool appear

frothy
foul odor
excessive amount

9

what are 6 diagnostics

duodenal biopsy
stool analysis (for fat)
intestinal biopsy immunoglobulin levels
serum iron
folic acid
vitamin B12

10

malabsorption of B12 results in

steatorrhea

11

malabsorption of proteins & cholesterol results in

peripheral edema
malnutrition

12

malabsorption of vit D & calcium results in

osteomalacia
osteoporosis

13

malabsorption of vit K results in

inadequate blood coagulation

14

malabsorption of iron, folic acid, vitamins results in

anemia

15

what precipitates celiac crisis

infections
dehydration
eating gluten

16

what can celiac crisis lead to

hypotensive shock
lethargy

17

what are s/s of an acute episode of celiac crisis

explosive diarrhea
vomiting
dehydration
electrolyte imbalance
hypotensive shock
wasted appearance

18

what is the management of celiac crisis

correct dehydration
NGT
albumin infusions
IV steroids

19

what are some foods they can't have

cereals
baked goods
hydrolyzed vegetable protein
chocolate
crackers
spaghetti
pizza
hot dogs/lunch meat
gravy

20

if the diet is not followed, what may develop

lymphoma
GI cancer

21

which class of drugs precipitate crisis

anticholinergics