Nutrition AA Video FC Flashcards Preview

Emma's NPLEX II Other Modalities > Nutrition AA Video FC > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutrition AA Video FC Deck (46):
1

What are the indications for Arginine?

Male infertility (spermatogenesis)
Wound healing
Immune stimulation (can be good or bad)

2

What is Arginine a precursor for?

GABA

3

What does Arginine release in the body?

Insulin

4

If a pt has HSV, what AA should patient's increase and what AA should they decrease?

Increase Lysine (inhibits viral growth)
Decrease Arginine (immune stimulation)

5

What 3 AA make up the BCAA?

Isoleucine, Leucine, Valine

6

What are some indications for BCAAs?

Muscle strength, Muscle endurance, Muscle stamina

7

What DEC BCAA levels in the body?

Insulin secreted by high dietary sugar/glucose intake.

8

What are indications for Histidine?

Anemia
Allergies
RA

9

What are indications for Lysine?

HSV (inhibits viral growth)
Forms connective tissue and collagen
DEC TG

10

What are food sources for Lysine?

Meat, milk, fish, animal products

11

What are indications for Methionine and SAME?

Both of them...
DEC cholesterol
Act as antioxidants
Detoxification
Healthy for hair/skin/nails d/t sulfar

12

What is Methionine a precursor for?

Carnitine, Melatonin, Choline

13

What are some indications for SAME alone?

Alcoholism
OA
Depression (mono therapy)
Arthritis

14

What is Phenylalanine a precursor for?

Thyroxine

15

What are some indications for Phenylalanine?

To increase mood, thought, concentration, and memory - Parkinson's
Decrease appetite
Anti-depressant (MAIN)

16

What are some contraindications for Phenylalanine? And what is it?

PKU - Phenylketonuria

Genetic d/o that means that Phenylalanine cannot be converted to Tyrosine.

It can cause mental retardation.

Txed with low Phenyl diet.

17

What are some indications of Threonine?

Brain issues - MS, ALS, epilepsy, alcoholism, detoxification

18

What are some indications of tryptophan (5-HTP)?

Depression, Anxiety
Insomnia
Pain
Migraine

19

What is Tryptophan a precursor for? And what cofactor does it need?

Serotonin

Needs B6 (P5P) to convert

20

What are the contraindications of Tryptophan?

Patient's taking SSRIs or St. John's Wort d/t serotonin syndrome

21

What are the indications of Alanine?

Prostate issues - BPH
Forms connective tissue and muscle health

22

What are two AA that are precursors for Serotonin and need B6 (P5P) to convert?

Tryptophan
Tyrosine

23

What are two excitatory AA?

Asparagine/Aspartic Acid
Glutamic Acid

24

What are some indications for Asparagine specifically?

Increase endurance, fatigue, detoxification

25

What are some indications for Asparagine and Aspartic acid?

Hepatoprotective
Immune function

26

What are some indications for Cysteine/NAC?

Antioxidant
Ingredient of hair
Growth/Repair of skin

27

What are some indications for Cysteine?

Cataracts
Heavy metals
Detoxification

28

What are some indications for NAC?

Mucolytic
AIDS
Asthma, Chronic bronchitis, Cystic fibrosis
Detoxification

29

What can NAC be used to antidote?

Antidote for Tylenol OD

30

What is glutamic acid used as a precursor for?

Glutamine and GABA

31

What are indications for Glutamic acid?

To DEC alcohol and sugar cravings
Increase energy

32

What are CI of Glutamic acid excess?

Cell damage, which could be the mechanism for damage to brain cells s/p CVA

33

What is glutamine a precursor for?

GABA

34

What type of cells is glutamine a nutrient for in the body?

Enterocytes

35

What are the indications for glutamine?

PUD/Ulcer
Leaky gut, Intestinal hyperimpermeability
IBS/IBD
Immune function

36

Which AA is the highest concentration in the body?

Glutamine

37

What AA is an inhibitory NT?

Glycine

38

What are the indications for glycine?

Schizophrenia, panic attacks (helps stop one from starting), anxiety

39

What are the CI for glycine?

anti-psychotic medications (i.e. Clozapine)

40

What metabolically does glycine do?

INC glucagon production and glycogen metabolism

41

What are the indications for proline?

promotes cartilage, joint, ligament, and tendon health
helps heart muscle function

42

What are the indications for serine?

blood sugar level maintenance
increases immunity through INC antibodies
makes up part of the myelin sheath (good for MS)

43

What are the indications for taurine?

HEART!
CHF, HTN, cardiomyopathy

44

How does taurine work metabolically? What disease process does this help with?

Stabilizes cell membranes

Epilepsy as anti convulsant

45

What are the indications for Tyrosine?

Hypothyroidism, Parkinson's, and Depression

46

What is Tyrosine a precursor for?

Thyroxine, L-Dopa, Serotonin