Flashcards in Nutrition AA Video FC Deck (46):
What are the indications for Arginine?
Male infertility (spermatogenesis)
Immune stimulation (can be good or bad)
What is Arginine a precursor for?
What does Arginine release in the body?
If a pt has HSV, what AA should patient's increase and what AA should they decrease?
Increase Lysine (inhibits viral growth)
Decrease Arginine (immune stimulation)
What 3 AA make up the BCAA?
Isoleucine, Leucine, Valine
What are some indications for BCAAs?
Muscle strength, Muscle endurance, Muscle stamina
What DEC BCAA levels in the body?
Insulin secreted by high dietary sugar/glucose intake.
What are indications for Histidine?
What are indications for Lysine?
HSV (inhibits viral growth)
Forms connective tissue and collagen
What are food sources for Lysine?
Meat, milk, fish, animal products
What are indications for Methionine and SAME?
Both of them...
Act as antioxidants
Healthy for hair/skin/nails d/t sulfar
What is Methionine a precursor for?
Carnitine, Melatonin, Choline
What are some indications for SAME alone?
Depression (mono therapy)
What is Phenylalanine a precursor for?
What are some indications for Phenylalanine?
To increase mood, thought, concentration, and memory - Parkinson's
What are some contraindications for Phenylalanine? And what is it?
PKU - Phenylketonuria
Genetic d/o that means that Phenylalanine cannot be converted to Tyrosine.
It can cause mental retardation.
Txed with low Phenyl diet.
What are some indications of Threonine?
Brain issues - MS, ALS, epilepsy, alcoholism, detoxification
What are some indications of tryptophan (5-HTP)?
What is Tryptophan a precursor for? And what cofactor does it need?
Needs B6 (P5P) to convert
What are the contraindications of Tryptophan?
Patient's taking SSRIs or St. John's Wort d/t serotonin syndrome
What are the indications of Alanine?
Prostate issues - BPH
Forms connective tissue and muscle health
What are two AA that are precursors for Serotonin and need B6 (P5P) to convert?
What are two excitatory AA?
What are some indications for Asparagine specifically?
Increase endurance, fatigue, detoxification
What are some indications for Asparagine and Aspartic acid?
What are some indications for Cysteine/NAC?
Ingredient of hair
Growth/Repair of skin
What are some indications for Cysteine?
What are some indications for NAC?
Asthma, Chronic bronchitis, Cystic fibrosis
What can NAC be used to antidote?
Antidote for Tylenol OD
What is glutamic acid used as a precursor for?
Glutamine and GABA
What are indications for Glutamic acid?
To DEC alcohol and sugar cravings
What are CI of Glutamic acid excess?
Cell damage, which could be the mechanism for damage to brain cells s/p CVA
What is glutamine a precursor for?
What type of cells is glutamine a nutrient for in the body?
What are the indications for glutamine?
Leaky gut, Intestinal hyperimpermeability
Which AA is the highest concentration in the body?
What AA is an inhibitory NT?
What are the indications for glycine?
Schizophrenia, panic attacks (helps stop one from starting), anxiety
What are the CI for glycine?
anti-psychotic medications (i.e. Clozapine)
What metabolically does glycine do?
INC glucagon production and glycogen metabolism
What are the indications for proline?
promotes cartilage, joint, ligament, and tendon health
helps heart muscle function
What are the indications for serine?
blood sugar level maintenance
increases immunity through INC antibodies
makes up part of the myelin sheath (good for MS)
What are the indications for taurine?
CHF, HTN, cardiomyopathy
How does taurine work metabolically? What disease process does this help with?
Stabilizes cell membranes
Epilepsy as anti convulsant
What are the indications for Tyrosine?
Hypothyroidism, Parkinson's, and Depression