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Flashcards in Psych Research Video FC Deck (17):
1

Recent study in journal concluded that supplementation with 20000 mcg of chromium picolinate daily safely reduced the occurrence of type 2 DM by 10%. This result was clinically significant.

How will you use this info in your practice?

A. Do more research to see if other studies have drawn similar conclusions.
B. Immediately being giving 20000 mcg of chromium picolinate to all my patients who have type 2 DM
C. Ignore these findings because personal experience has shown that chromium picolinate is not effective in treating type 2 DM
D. Decide that if chromium picolinate works for type 2 DM then it is fine to prescribe chromium Polynicotinate instead since this form is more readily bioavailable.

A. Do more research to see if other studies have drawn similar conclusions.

2

In analyzing the design of this study, which of the following is considered wrong when applying randomization?

A. Unconcealed allocation, such that a randomized list is generalized using sophisticated computer program and then this is posted in the research area for accessibility.

B. Concealment of allocation of the patients, such that the researchers should not be able to guess the group to which a pt will be randomized before they have entered into the trial.

C. Randomization to make it impossible to change Tx assignments once pts have been entered into the trial.

D. Separating the person recruiting pts for the trial from the person implementing randomization in the trail.

A. Unconcealed allocation, such that a randomized list is generalized using sophisticated computer program and then

{this is posted in the research area for accessibility}

3

RCT is conducted in the journal about Damiana treating peripheral neuropathy. The results are reported as p = 0.06. How should you use this info?

A. Herb will work in 94% of people. Continue as normal.
B. The 0.01 difference is a flaw in the study. Continue as normal.
C. This is a very prestigious journal, you can now discontinue use since the botanical is not effective.
D. The study may have failed to control for something important, wait for more results before you stop using it.

D. The study may have failed to control for something important, wait for more results before you stop using it.

4

Self-image as a woman has changed because of loss of sensuality, but she seems reluctant to discuss this further. To effectively facilitate her comfort to proceed more openly, which of the following responses would be most appropriate?

A. "Sounds like you feel really upset about how this has impacted you"
B. "How do you feel about joining a support group to help you talk about this?"
C. "Don't worry because everything always works out for the best"
D. "My mom had the same problem several years ago and I was able to help her"

A. "Sounds like you feel really upset about how this has impacted you"

Not B because it does not answer the question (not helping the pt proceed more openly with you the doc)

5

Why is variable reinforcement schedules better than continuous reinforcement schedules for learning new behaviours?

Continuous reinforcement schedules rapidly extinguish when the reward is removed

Variable reinforcement slowly extinguishes after the reward is removed

6

Dissociative identity disorder is most commonly associated with what event?

Sexual abuse

7

According to Freud, pick one of the following:
i.) Id
ii.) Ego
iii.) Superego

mediator between urges and the behaviour accepted in reality

Ego = mediator between Id's urges and the behaviour accepted in reality

8

According to Freud, pick one of the following:
i.) Id
ii.) Ego
iii.) Superego

conscience & moral values

Superego = conscience & moral values

9

According to Freud, pick one of the following:
i.) Id
ii.) Ego
iii.) Superego

instinctual urges (food, sex, aggression)

Id = instinctual urges (food, sex, aggression)

10

What is dissociative fugue?

An abrupt change in location without an ability to recall how the patient travelled or where the patient was last

11

What is the difference between a hypnagogic hallucination and a hypnopompic hallucination?

Hypnagogic = hallucination that occurs when nearing sleep
Hypnopompic = hallucination that occurs during sleep (wakes patient up)

Note: both types of hallucination can be auditory or tactile

12

ADHD should be diagnosed before what age?

7 years of age

13

What are the 2 subtypes of schizoaffective disorder?

i.) Bipolar
ii.) Depressive

A schizoaffective disorder requires psychotic symptoms along with an affective disorder, namely bipolar or depression

14

Depression in an infant, related to continued seperation from his/her caregiver

Anaclitic Depression

15

Do children with Asperger's disorder demonstrate verbal deficits?

No

Children with Asperger's have all-absorbing interests, repetitive behaviour, and problems with social relationships but do not present with verbal deficits

16

Repressed sexual feelings of a child for the opposite-sex parent accompanied by rivalry with the same-sex parent

Oedipus complex

17

What medication class often has delirium as a possible adverse effect?

Anticholinergics