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Emma's NPLEX II Other Modalities > Orthopedic Tests Video > Flashcards

Flashcards in Orthopedic Tests Video Deck (76)
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1

DVT, what would you expect to find on physical exam?

A. absence of pleural rub
B. (+) Homan's sign
C. High ankle BP
D. (=) Trendelenburg test

B. (+) Homan's sign

2

Left shoulder pain d/t bicipital tendonitis Point tenderness suggests there may be inflammation or injury to _________ and you confirm this by performing ________.

A. Bicipital tendon; Neer’s test
B. Bicipital tendon; Speed’s test
C. Glenohumeral capsule; Neer’s test
D. Glenohumeral capsule; Speed’s test

B. Bicipital tendon; Speed’s test

3

A diagnosis of ____, supported if symptoms most aggravated by _______.

A. Bicipital tendon; abduction and ext rotation
B. Adhesive capsulitis; adduction and
pronation of the arm
C. Adhesive capsulitis; resisted flexion and
supination of the arm
D. Bicipital tendon; resisted flexion and
supination of the arm

D. Bicipital tendon; resisted flexion and
supination of the arm

4

Which of the following improves her range of motion and is safe and effective?

A. isometric shoulder exercises
B. over-the-head free-weight lifting
C. “wall climbing” shoulder exercises
D. None, exercise contraindicated

C. “wall climbing” shoulder exercises

5

What's a Ddx for the vertebral column?

Scoliosis, TOS, sciatica, disc herniation, meningitis, vertebral artery compression, space occupying lesion

6

What's Adam's sign for?

How do you perform?

Structural scoliosis

Involves having patient bend forward

7

What's Adson's test for?

How do you perform?

TOS

Involves taking radial pulse and lifting arms to see if pulse is still detected

8

What's Braggard's test for?

How do you perform?

Sciatica d/t IV herniation

During SLR, dorsiflex foot of leg that’s raised

9

What's Bechterew's test for?

How do you perform?

Sciatica

Involves extending knees while seated

10

What's Burn's bench test for?

How do you perform?

Malingering

Touch floor while kneeling on a chair (hence, why it is a bench test)

11

What's Cervical Spine Compression test for?

How do you perform?

Nerve root compression

Push down on the head

12

What's Cervical Spine Distraction test for?

How do you perform?

Nerve root impingement

Pull up on head ((+) decrease of pain)

13

What's East's or Roos' test for?

How do you perform?

TOS

Hands up! Open/close hands for 3 minutes.

14

What's Hoover's test for?

How do you perform?

Malingering

Supine, flex hip

15

What's Kemp's test for?

How do you perform?

Disc herniation

Rotate, extend, lat flex - push on lumbar Ups

16

What's Kernig's test for?

How do you perform?

Meningitis

Flex hip then extend knee

17

What's Lasegue's test for?

How do you perform?

Disc herniation or sciatica

Straight leg raise

18

What's Linder's test for?

How do you perform?

Sciatica

Supine, flex neck

19

What's Milgram's test for?

How do you perform?

Disc herniation

Supine, raise extended legs for 30 secs

20

What's Minor's sign for?

How do you perform?

Sciatica

Sit then stand and put one hand on back

21

What's shoulder depression test for?

How do you perform?

Brachial plexus lesion

Apply pressure down on shoulder, flex head

22

What's soto hall test for?

How do you perform?

Disc herniation

SLR + flex head

23

What's valsalva test for?

How do you perform?

Space occupying lesion

bear down

24

What's vertebral artery test for?

How do you perform?

Vertebral art. compression

Extend head, lat flex, rot – hold 30 sec

25

What's Wright's test for?

How do you perform?

TOS

Palpate both radial pulses, raise arms

26

What's the Ddx for the shoulder?

rotator cuff tear, tendinitis, dislocation

27

What's Apley's scratch test for?

How do you perform?

Rotator cuff tear, tendinitis

Touch finger tips to middle of back

28

What's Drop arm test for?

How do you perform?

Rotator cuff tear

Abduct both arms to 180, then move them down in adduction

29

What's glenohumeral apprehension test for?

How do you perform?

Dislocated shoulder

Cross painful arm, push on elbow toward painful shoulder

30

What's impingement test for?

How do you perform?

Shoulder lesion

Abduct arm, rotate medially + passively elevate it